Mapping and time-lapse analysis of South Arne Chalk fault network using new developments in seismic dip computation
D. Astratti, V. Aarre, O. V. Vejbæk, G. White, 2015. "Mapping and time-lapse analysis of South Arne Chalk fault network using new developments in seismic dip computation", Fundamental Controls on Fluid Flow in Carbonates: Current Workflows to Emerging Technologies, S. M. Agar, S. Geiger
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In a reservoir, faults at the limit of the seismic resolution can be crucial to explain production history and to optimize field development. However, in most cases the detail required to describe such subtle features depends on the assistance of seismic attributes and semi-automated interpretation techniques. We generated a detailed description of the fault network in the South Arne Chalk Group using a workflow based on a globally consistent computation of the seismic dip. This led to more accurate seismic edge attributes than gained with standard dip estimation techniques. We analysed each fault set and qualitatively assessed its control on fluid flow. Our investigation suggests that the two fracture sets that influence production developed along the same WNW–ESE structural trend and cannot be separated based on the seismic data alone. These faults were active both during and post Chalk deposition. We observe ENE–WSW lineaments that match the pattern of a time-lapse seismic amplitude anomaly associated with water injection. It remains to be verified whether these lineaments could be an extension of overburden faults, as well as whether the increased intensity of the fault network as seen on the 2005 v. the 1995 3D seismic survey was caused by production effects.
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Fundamental Controls on Fluid Flow in Carbonates: Current Workflows to Emerging Technologies
This volume highlights key challenges for fluid-flow prediction in carbonate reservoirs, the approaches currently employed to address these challenges and developments in fundamental science and technology. The papers span methods and case studies that highlight workflows and emerging technologies in the fields of geology, geophysics, petrophysics, reservoir modelling and computer science. Topics include: detailed pore-scale studies that explore fundamental processes and applications of imaging and flow modelling at the pore scale; case studies of diagenetic processes with complementary perspectives from reactive transport modelling; novel methods for rock typing; petrophysical studies that investigate the impact of diagenesis and fault-rock properties on acoustic signatures; mechanical modelling and seismic imaging of faults in carbonate rocks; modelling geological influences on seismic anisotropy; novel approaches to geological modelling; methods to represent key geological details in reservoir simulations and advances in computer visualization, analytics and interactions for geoscience and engineering.