The Kolmården serpentine marble in Sweden: a stone found both in castles and people’s homes
Anders Wikström, Dolores Pereira, 2015. "The Kolmården serpentine marble in Sweden: a stone found both in castles and people’s homes", Global Heritage Stone: Towards International Recognition of Building and Ornamental Stones, D. Pereira, B. R. Marker, S. Kramar, B. J. Cooper, B. E. Schouenborg
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The Kolmården serpentine marble is a well known Svecofennian marble from Sweden, and here it is proposed as a possible ‘Global Heritage Stone Resource’. This marble matches the newly proposed designation ideally, since for many years it has been used in the construction of major historical buildings, as well as famous buildings of national and international importance. The Kolmården marble continues to be quarried today.
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This volume provides a synopsis of current research on volcanic processes, as gained through the use of palaeomagnetic and rock magnetic techniques. Thermoremanent magnetization information provides a powerful means of deciphering thermal processes in volcanic deposits, including estimating the emplacement temperature of pyroclastic deposits, which allows us to understand better the rates of cooling during eruption and transport. Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility and anisotropy of remanence are used primarily to investigate rock fabrics and to quantify flow dynamics in dykes, lava flows, and pyroclastic deposits, as well as identify vent locations. Rock-magnetic characteristics allow correlation of volcanic deposits, but also provide means to date volcanic deposits and to understand better their cooling history. Because lava flows are typically good recorders of past magnetic fields, data from them allow understanding of changes in geomagnetic field directions and intensity, providing clues on the origin of Earth’s magnetic field.