Vulcanian explosions at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat between 2008 and 2010
Published:January 01, 2014
P. D. Cole, P. J. Smith, A. J. Stinton, H. M. Odbert, M. L. Bernstein, J. C. Komorowski, R. Stewart, 2014. "Vulcanian explosions at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat between 2008 and 2010", The Eruption of Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat from 2000 to 2010, G. Wadge, R. E. A. Robertson, B. Voight
Download citation file:
Vulcanian explosions generated at Soufrière Hills Volcano between 2008 and 2010 varied from simple events involving minimal pyroclastic density currents (PDCs) to complex events involving more than one explosion. Calculated volumes for the deposits of the PDCs formed by these explosions ranged up to 2.7×106 m3, with more than half the explosions having volumes greater than 1×106 m3. The deposits formed by the explosions varied in lithology, with some explosions generating pumice-rich PDCs (e.g. 29 July 2008 and 11 February 2010) showing development of sinuous lobes. These explosions are similar to those formed in 1997, with gas-rich, conduit-derived magma being the dominant driving mechanism. Other explosions were pumice-poor (c. 5 wt% pumice) and generated morphologically distinct PDC deposits. Many of the pumice-poor explosions were associated with lower tephra plumes of <8 km, but were some of the largest volume events in terms of PDC production and suggest a generation mechanism involving destruction of significant quantities of the lava dome. Analysis of video footage shows that PDC formation was pulsatory, probably related to destabilization of portions of the lava dome during the initial phases of the explosion.
Figures & Tables
The Eruption of Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat from 2000 to 2010
The 1995 to present eruption of Soufrière Hills Volcano on Montserrat is one of the most important and best-studied eruptions of an explosive andesitic volcano. This volume presents scientific findings from the period between 2000 and 2010; it follows on from Memoir 21, which focused on the early years of activity between 1995 and 1999. In addition to descriptions and analysis of the growth, collapse and explosions associated with lava domes, there are papers on the deformation of the volcano caused by the deep magma, the petrology and geochemistry of the lavas and associated gases. Of particular note are: an overview of the insights into the deep structure of the volcano that resulted from a major international seismic tomography experiment; and an analysis of the quantitative risk assessment process that has run now for most of the eruption, the longest such continuous assessment in the world.