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Book Chapter

Physical modelling of large-scale deformational systems in the South Polar Layered Deposits (Promethei Lingula, Mars): new geological constraints and climatic implications

By
Luca Guallini
Luca Guallini
Dipartimento di Scienze Psicologiche, Umanistiche e del Territorio, Università d’Annunzio, Via dei Vestini, 31, 66100 Chieti Scalo, ItalyInternational Research School of Planetary Sciences, Viale Pindaro, 42, 65127 Pescara, Italy
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Cristina Pauselli
Cristina Pauselli
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Sezione di Geologia Strutturale e Geofisica, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Piazza dell’Università, 1, 06123 Perugia, Italy
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Francesco Brozzetti
Francesco Brozzetti
Geodynamics and Seismogenesis Laboratory, Dipartimento di Scienze Psicologiche, Umanistiche e del Territorio, Via dei Vestini, 31, 66100 Chieti Scalo, Italy
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Lucia Marinangeli
Lucia Marinangeli
Dipartimento di Scienze Psicologiche, Umanistiche e del Territorio, Università d’Annunzio, Via dei Vestini, 31, 66100 Chieti Scalo, ItalyInternational Research School of Planetary Sciences, Viale Pindaro, 42, 65127 Pescara, Italy
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Published:
January 01, 2015

Abstract

Deformation systems (DSs) locally affect the South Polar Layered Deposits (SPLDs) along the margins of the Promethei Lingula ice sheet (part of the southern Martian ice-dome). One example is the ‘S2’ deformation system, characterized by a complex pattern of brittle and brittle–ductile structures related to kilometre-scale shear zones that deform the sequence. Moreover, soft-sediment structures affect one layer located at the base of the S2. An earlier structural analysis suggested that: (1) two deformation stages (D1, in which the shear zones developed, and D2, in which the D1 structures were reactivated by deep-seated gravitational slope deformation) occurred, driven by gravity; and (2) there are variations in the bulk composition of the SPLD (which is inferred to be mainly composed of water ice plus basaltic dust). This work supports these structural results through thermal and mechanical modelling of the S2 sequence. Our modelling results suggest that several layers within the S2 system are probably composed of, or are mixed with, CO2 ice, and that the development of the observed deformation is inconsistent with present-day physical conditions. Soft-sediment structures probably formed under warmer surface temperatures during the past, with those warmer temperatures favouring or even triggering ice flow/basal sliding of the Promethei Lingula.

Supplementary material:

The complete description of the stratigraphy of the analysed S2 sequence (in table format) is available at http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/SUP18746.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Volcanism and Tectonism Across the Inner Solar System

T. Platz
T. Platz
Planetary Science Institute, USA
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M. Massironi
M. Massironi
Università degli Studi di Padova, Italy
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P. K. Byrne
P. K. Byrne
Lunar and Planetary Institute, USA
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H. Hiesinger
H. Hiesinger
Westfälische Wilhelms-Universitä Münster, Germany
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Geological Society of London
Volume
401
ISBN electronic:
9781862396777
Publication date:
January 01, 2015

GeoRef

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