Faulted craters as indicators for thrust motions on Mercury
Valentina Galluzzi, Gaetano Di Achille, Luigi Ferranti, Ciprian Popa, Pasquale Palumbo, 2015. "Faulted craters as indicators for thrust motions on Mercury", Volcanism and Tectonism Across the Inner Solar System, T. Platz, M. Massironi, P. K. Byrne, H. Hiesinger
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Craters cross-cut by faults are used as markers to obtain fault geometric and kinematic properties. Assuming that the shape of these craters was originally circular, it is possible to measure the horizontal and vertical components of fault displacement as well as the slip trend. By applying trigonometric relations, slip plunge, displacement magnitude, fault true dip and fault rake can be derived from the observed values. An example application of this method on craters faulted by lobate scarps on Mercury shows that most of these inferred reverse faults have moderate oblique-slip trends. Moreover, the derived dips of thrusts vary over a wide range of angles. Some preliminary results in terms of fault rake compared with fault dip, strike and latitude are presented together with a pilot study to test and discriminate global tectonic models suggested for the evolution of Mercury. The possibility of estimating quantitative fault parameters through remotely sensed data provides significant assistance in the structural characterization of faults on planetary surfaces.
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Volcanism and tectonism are the dominant endogenic means by which planetary surfaces change. This book aims to encompass the broad range in character of volcanism, tectonism, faulting and associated interactions observed on planetary bodies across the inner solar system - a region that includes Mercury, Venus, Earth, the Moon, Mars and asteroids. The diversity and breadth of landforms produced by volcanic and tectonic processes is enormous, and varies across the inner solar system bodies. As a result, the selection of prevailing landforms and their underlying formational processes that are described and highlighted in this volume are but a primer to the expansive field of planetary volcanism and tectonism. This Special Publication features 22 research articles about volcanic and tectonic processes manifest across the inner solar system.