Are terrestrial plumes from motionless plates analogues to Martian plumes feeding the giant shield volcanoes?
Christine M. Meyzen, Matteo Massironi, Riccardo Pozzobon, Luca Dal Zilio, 2015. "Are terrestrial plumes from motionless plates analogues to Martian plumes feeding the giant shield volcanoes?", Volcanism and Tectonism Across the Inner Solar System, T. Platz, M. Massironi, P. K. Byrne, H. Hiesinger
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On Earth, most tectonic plates are regenerated and recycled through convection. However, the Nubian and Antarctic plates could be considered as poorly mobile surfaces of various thicknesses that are acting as conductive lids on top of Earth’s deeper convective system. Here, volcanoes do not show any linear age progression, at least not for the last 30 myr, but constitute the sites of persistent, focused, long-term magmatic activity rather than a chain of volcanoes, as observed in fast-moving plate plume environments. The melt products vertically accrete into huge accumulations. The residual depleted roots left behind by melting processes cannot be dragged away from the melting loci underlying the volcanoes, which may contribute to producing an unusually shallow depth of oceanic swells. The persistence of a stationary thick depleted lid slows down the efficiency of melting processes at shallow depths. Numerous characteristics of these volcanoes located on motionless plates may be shared by those of the giant volcanoes of the Tharsis province, as Mars is a one-plate planet. The aim of this chapter is to undertake a first inventory of these common features, in order to improve our knowledge of the construction processes of Martian volcanoes.
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Volcanism and tectonism are the dominant endogenic means by which planetary surfaces change. This book aims to encompass the broad range in character of volcanism, tectonism, faulting and associated interactions observed on planetary bodies across the inner solar system - a region that includes Mercury, Venus, Earth, the Moon, Mars and asteroids. The diversity and breadth of landforms produced by volcanic and tectonic processes is enormous, and varies across the inner solar system bodies. As a result, the selection of prevailing landforms and their underlying formational processes that are described and highlighted in this volume are but a primer to the expansive field of planetary volcanism and tectonism. This Special Publication features 22 research articles about volcanic and tectonic processes manifest across the inner solar system.