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Book Chapter

The magmatic evolution of three Venusian coronae

By
Nicholas P. Lang
Nicholas P. Lang
Department of Geology, Mercyhurst University, 501 East 38th Street, Erie, PA 16546, USA
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Iván López
Iván López
Department of Biology and Geology, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Spain
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Published:
January 01, 2015

Abstract

The volcanic and tectonic histories of Venusian coronae appear to be intricately linked. We explore that link through the construction of geological maps of three coronae using Magellan synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery and altimetry radar data. Each examined corona – Aramaiti, Bhumidevi and Zemire Coronae – is characterized by an annulus of concentric fractures, lava flows, tholi and clusters of small shields. Radial fractures occur at one corona (Bhumidevi Corona), whereas the other two coronae (Aramaiti and Zemire Coronae) occur within linear fracture belts. Based on observed timing relationships, we propose that the evolution of these three coronae is similar to large silicic caldera formation on Earth in that the formation of concentric fractures facilitated a mass evacuation of a magma reservoir residing underneath each corona resulting in subsequent corona collapse. Our model emphasizes the late-stage evolution of these coronae and predicts that all the erupted products could be basaltic. Such predictions are testable through continued geological mapping of coronae, as well as through in situ spectral analyses by Venusian landers.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Volcanism and Tectonism Across the Inner Solar System

T. Platz
T. Platz
Planetary Science Institute, USA
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M. Massironi
M. Massironi
Università degli Studi di Padova, Italy
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P. K. Byrne
P. K. Byrne
Lunar and Planetary Institute, USA
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H. Hiesinger
H. Hiesinger
Westfälische Wilhelms-Universitä Münster, Germany
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Geological Society of London
Volume
401
ISBN electronic:
9781862396777
Publication date:
January 01, 2015

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