Improved signal processing for sub-basalt imaging
N. Woodburn, A. Hardwick, H. Masoomzadeh, T. Travis, 2014. "Improved signal processing for sub-basalt imaging", Hydrocarbon Exploration to Exploitation West of Shetlands, S. J. C. Cannon, D. Ellis
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Sub-basalt imaging continues to provide a challenge within the West of Shetland region. Successful imaging is being achieved through the reprocessing of 2D reflection seismic data. These were acquired with conventional source array and streamer parameters and include key signal processing techniques. The first technique involves spectral processing to boost low-frequency signals at the early stages of processing. The second technique involves attenuating coherent and incoherent noise in all of the available ‘time-offset’ domains. Examples of the data after application of these techniques are presented and clear improvements over the original processing are demonstrated. As work on these reprocessing methods has progressed, the benefits of moving to a true broadband processing solution have become clear.
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Hydrocarbon Exploration to Exploitation West of Shetlands
This volume addresses the challenges facing explorers and developers alike in a region that is becoming a major focus of the petroleum industry in the United Kingdom, Faroes and North Norway. Several West of Shetland fields are still in the appraisal phase almost a decade after discovery. Sub-volcanic exploration risks remain high: sub-volcanic structural traps are imaged poorly, and so the geophysical community is responding with the application of latest technology. The more simple reservoirs might not be large enough to prompt informed and speedy development decisions; larger fields might have a combination of complexities, requiring a phased approach to the development. Infrastructure has been slow to arrive and planned developments have been subject to dramatic swings in fiscal regime ranging from special allowances to unexpected tax increases.
Environmental challenges are significant when moving into more remote, deeper water. The perception of these challenges by the third parties has become much more acute. To sustain its right to operate, the industry has to demonstrate safe drilling operations and appropriate response capability with government agencies.