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Folded Variscan thrusts in the Herrera Unit of the Iberian Range (NE Spain)

By
Pablo Calvín-Ballester
Pablo Calvín-Ballester
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;
Antonio Casas
Antonio Casas
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Published:
January 01, 2014

Abstract

The Variscan structure of the Herrera unit (Iberian Chain, NE Spain) is characterized by a system of NNW–SSE-striking, east-verging, foreland-dipping thrusts, generated in a thin-skinned context, whose formation was favoured by the presence of two main detachment levels (Precambrian and Silurian shales). During the formation of the thrust system (first phase of deformation, D1), the thrust sheets were deformed internally, mainly by asymmetrical folds with axial surface cleavage and east-verging thrusts; the normal evolution of the thrust system and the emplacement of an underlying thrust sheet resulted in progressive tilting and stacking, thus generating a foreland-dipping thrust system. These structures were folded and tilted by the emplacement of the Datos thrust (second phase of deformation, D2), generating an associated deformation characterized by subvertical folds with axial surface cleavage, with slight east vergence. These structures can obliterate the previous D1 structures in the sector near the Datos thrust. D1 and D2 structures have not been observed in the same outcrops, but the relationship between bedding and cleavage as well as cleavage relationship with other structures allows discrimination between the two cleavage sets. Based on the features of Palaeozoic rocks of the Iberian Range and the Iberian Massif, we support the idea that the Herrera unit belongs to the Cantabrian Zone.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Deformation Structures and Processes within the Continental Crust

S. Llana-Fúnez
S. Llana-Fúnez
Universidad de Oviedo, Spain
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;
A. Marcos
A. Marcos
Universidad de Oviedo, Spain
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;
F. Bastida
F. Bastida
Universidad de Oviedo, Spain
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Geological Society of London
Volume
394
ISBN electronic:
9781862396708
Publication date:
January 01, 2014

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