Origin of large wehrlitic intrusions from the Wadi Barghah to Salahi area in the northern Oman Ophiolite
Published:January 01, 2014
Ryu Kaneko, Yoshiko Adachi, Sumio Miyashita, 2014. "Origin of large wehrlitic intrusions from the Wadi Barghah to Salahi area in the northern Oman Ophiolite", Tectonic Evolution of the Oman Mountains, H. R. Rollinson, M. P. Searle, I. A. Abbasi, A. I. Al-Lazki, M. H. Al Kindi
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Wehrlitic intrusions constitute an important element of oceanic lower crust of the Oman Ophiolite, and numerous such dunite and plagioclase wehrlitic intrusions cut gabbro units in the northern Salahi Block of this ophiolite. For the first time, we describe a large wehrlitic intrusion (the Barghah complex) that has disturbed and folded surrounding gabbro units around this complex. The Barghah complex contains many gabbro blocks that record evidence of magma mingling. The crystallization sequence of the wehrlitic intrusions is olivine followed by co-crystallization of plagioclase and clinopyroxene. The forsterite content of olivine and the Mg# of clinopyroxene are more evolved than in rocks from the Moho Transition Zone (MTZ). TiO2 and Na2O contents of clinopyroxene are similar to those of the MTZ and are characterized by wide compositional variability over a narrow range of Mg#, which is indicative of melt–mantle interaction. Compositional co-variation of plagioclase and olivine in the wehrlitic intrusions has a similar signature to that of V1 magmatism (ocean ridge stage). In light of these observations, we conclude that the wehrlitic intrusions are the product of off-axis magmatism. Inversion tectonics that led to a transition from spreading to compression may have accelerated the emplacement of the wehrlitic intrusions.
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Tectonic Evolution of the Oman Mountains
The Oman Mountains contain one of the world's best- exposed and best-understood fold–thrust belts and the largest, best-exposed and most intensively studied ophiolite complex on Earth. This volume presents new international research from authors currently active in the field focusing on the geology of the Oman Mountains, the foreland region, the carbonate platforms of Northern and Central Oman and the underlying basement complex. In addition there is a particular focus on geoconservation in the region. The volume is divided into three main sections that discuss the tectonics of the Arabian plate using insights from geophysics, petrology, structural geology, geochronology and palaeontology; the petrology and geochemistry of the Oman Ophiolite and the sedimentary and hydrocarbon systems of Oman, drawing on the geophysics, structure and sedimentology of these systems. The volume is enhanced by numerous colour images provided courtesy of Petroleum Development Oman.