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Book Chapter

Future Rx: optimism, preparation, acceptance of risk

By
Lawrence M. Cathles
Lawrence M. Cathles
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Published:
January 01, 2015

Abstract

The world contains the energy and mineral resources needed to sustain 10.5 billion (the level the world population is expected to reach in 2100) at a European standard of living for hundreds of centuries. Using physical and chemical principles to extrapolate from what we know, it is shown that the required resources are present, largely in the world’s oceans. The environmental consequences of shifting to ocean supply will be positive, and a transition from fossil fuels to low carbon energy sources is provided by natural gas. The eventual steps required are big (thousands of nuclear reactors, country-size solar facilities in desert areas, large mining operations) and there are risks, but the risks are small compared with failing to meet the expectations of a growing world. The best course is to aim for success (all at European standard by 2113), accept and manage the risks of development, solving unforeseen problems as they arise, accept the transition to gas, and train and engage the best talents to prepare to tap the ocean’s resources.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Ore Deposits in an Evolving Earth

G. R. T. Jenkin
G. R. T. Jenkin
University of Leicester, UK
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P. A. J. Lusty
P. A. J. Lusty
British Geological Survey, UK
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I. Mcdonald
I. Mcdonald
Cardiff University, UK
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M. P. Smith
M. P. Smith
University of Brighton, UK
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A. J. Boyce
A. J. Boyce
Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre, UK
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J. J. Wilkinson
J. J. Wilkinson
Natural History Museum and Imperial College London, UK
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Geological Society of London
Volume
393
ISBN electronic:
9781862396692
Publication date:
January 01, 2015

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