Biogeographical patterns of Ordovician ostracods
Tõnu Meidla, Oive Tinn, Maria José Salas, Mark Williams, David Siveter, Thijs R. A. Vandenbroucke, Koen Sabbe, 2013. "Biogeographical patterns of Ordovician ostracods", Early Palaeozoic Biogeography and Palaeogeography, D. A. T. Harper, T. Servais
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The biogeography of marine shelf ostracod genera is analysed for two Ordovician time slabs, the earliest Late Ordovician and the terminal Ordovician, that have been considered to reflect comparatively warmer and cooler global climate states, respectively. The earlier time slab is equivalent to the Nemagraptus gracilis graptolite interval (centred about 460 Ma), and defined as the total range of the eponymous species. The Hirnantian time slab comprises the Normalograptus extraordinarius and Normalograptus persculptus graptolite biozones (445.6–443.7 Ma). The ostracod dataset consists of 160 taxa from 24 early Late Ordovician localities and 86 taxa from 10 Hirnantian localities. Ordination and variation partitioning analyses show that patterns in ostracod distribution in the gracilis time slab are largely related to palaeocontinental affinity of the samples and to a lesser degree to palaeolatitude. Some decrease of provincialism can be suggested for the Hirnantian, although the ostracod dataset is limited for this interval.