Airborne thermal remote sensing of the Volcán de Colima (Mexico) lava dome from 2007 to 2010
Published:January 01, 2013
William Hutchison, Nick Varley, David M. Pyle, Tamsin A. Mather, John A. Stevenson, 2013. "Airborne thermal remote sensing of the Volcán de Colima (Mexico) lava dome from 2007 to 2010", Remote Sensing of Volcanoes and Volcanic Processes: Integrating Observation and Modelling, D. M. Pyle, T. A. Mather, J. Biggs
Download citation file:
We investigate high-resolution digital photographs and infrared images of the lava dome eruption at Volcán de Colima, from 2007 to 2010. Qualitative observations provide insight into active volcanic processes (e.g. rockfalls and fracturing) and show that, as the dome advances a substantial cooled talus apron develops, which stabilizes the structure. Progressive collapse of the talus apron as it reaches the crater rim corresponds with the development of a lava lobe, extruding hot lava from deeper within the dome. Quantitative dome surface temperature time-series show that the highest temperature hotspots migrate from the dome sides (250–380 °C) to the top (150–300 °C) and finally to the lava lobe (220–400 °C) as the structurally unstable areas expose fresh material. Net surface heat loss from the dome ranges from 5 to 30 MW, comparable to other dome forming systems. Heat budget calculations confirm that the lava dome retained a hot viscous core throughout the period 2007–2010. We propose that the mechanical stability of the Volcán de Colima dome arises from the shear strength of flanking talus which stabilizes the hot viscous core.
Figures & Tables
Remote Sensing of Volcanoes and Volcanic Processes: Integrating Observation and Modelling
Volcanoes have played a profound role in shaping our planet, and volcanic activity is a major hazard locally, regionally and globally. Many volcanoes are, however, poorly accessible and sparsely monitored. Consequently, remote sensing is playing an increasingly important role in tracking volcano behaviour, while synoptic remote sensing techniques have begun to make major contributions to volcanological science. Volcanology is driven in part by the operational concerns of volcano monitoring and hazard management, but the goal of volcanological science is to understand the processes that underlie volcanic activity. This volume shows how we may reach a deeper understanding by integrating remote sensing measurements with modelling approaches and, if available, ground-based observations. It includes reviews and papers that report technical advances and document key case studies. They span a range of remote sensing applications to volcanoes, from volcano deformation, thermal anomalies and gas fluxes, to the tracking of eruptive ash and gas plumes. The result is a state-of-the-art overview of the ever-growing importance of remote sensing to volcanology.