Detrital monazite geochronology, Upper Jurassic–Lower Cretaceous of the Scotian Basin: Significance for tracking first-cycle sources
Published:January 01, 2014
Georgia Pe-Piper, David J. W. Piper, S. Triantafyllidis, 2014. "Detrital monazite geochronology, Upper Jurassic–Lower Cretaceous of the Scotian Basin: Significance for tracking first-cycle sources", Sediment Provenance Studies in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production, R. A. Scott, H. R. Smyth, A. C. Morton, N. Richardson
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Monazite geochronology was applied to an east–west transect of latest Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous deltaic sandstones of the Scotian Basin, to assess sediment sources and dispersal pathways. More than 200 detrital monazite grains yielded 694 electron microprobe age determinations with 1σ errors <±20%. Based on age, external morphology, zoning, inclusions and major element chemistry (rare earth element [REE], Th, Y), monazite grains represent more than 20 discrete sources. Similar proportions of euhedral and subhedral compared with irregular and rounded monazite grains in most age classes, together with comparison with detrital muscovite and zircon geochronology, suggest that most monazite is first cycle. Six types of REE distribution are recognized (A–F). Many igneous monazites show chemical zoning, contain sparse euhedral inclusions, and have REE distributions of types A and E. Many metamorphic monazites contain inclusions, commonly aligned, are generally rounded–subhedral to rounded, and have REE distributions of types B, C and D. Monazite geochronology shows important supply to the Scotian Basin from the Labrador rift shoulder as early as Tithonian; from Avalonian sources in the Tithonian; from Ordovician sources in northern New Brunswick, apparently via the Chaswood River; and from the inner continental shelf, particularly in the Hauterivian–Barremian.
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Sediment Provenance Studies in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production
Sediment provenance studies concern the origin, composition, transportation and deposition of detritus and therefore are an important part of understanding the links between basinal sedimentation, and hinterland tectonics and unroofing. Such studies can add value at many stages of hydrocarbon exploitation, from identifying regional-scale crustal affinities and sediment dispersal patterns during the earliest stages of exploration, to detailed correlation in producing reservoirs and understanding the impact of mineralogy on reservoir diagenesis.
The volume showcases the wide variety of techniques available, using examples and applications from all aspects of sediment provenance research. The papers are organized into four sets around the following themes:
Overview: applications of provenance information in hydrocarbon reservoir sandstones
Provenance, diagenesis and reservoir quality
Provenance studies linking sediment to source
Looking forward: development of techniques and data handling
This book is dedicated to the memory of Maria Mange and Robert A. Scott.