Provenance of late Palaeozoic terrestrial sediments on the northern flank of the Mid North Sea High: Detrital zircon geochronology and rutile geochemical constraints
Published:January 01, 2014
Anders Mattias Lundmark, Edina Pózer Bue, Roy H. Gabrielsen, Kjersti Flaat, Tor Strand, Sverre E. Ohm, 2014. "Provenance of late Palaeozoic terrestrial sediments on the northern flank of the Mid North Sea High: Detrital zircon geochronology and rutile geochemical constraints", Sediment Provenance Studies in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production, R. A. Scott, H. R. Smyth, A. C. Morton, N. Richardson
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Zircon U–Pb and rutile trace element data are used to investigate the provenance of late Devonian to early Permian terrestrial sandstones in the Embla and Flora oil fields on the north flank of the Mid North Sea High, central North Sea. Two Old Red Sandstone samples (ORS 1) are dominated by 1.2–0.9 Ga Grenvillian zircons and low- to medium-grade rutile, with sparse Cambro-Ordovician Caledonian zircons (2–4%) and high-grade rutiles (0–5%). The samples are interpreted as recycled metasediments from the Scottish Caledonides. Two other Old Red Sandstone samples (ORS 2) contain a high proportion of Caledonian, mainly Silurian zircons (15–19%) and high-grade rutiles (15–18%); we propose that these components are traceable to the Krummedal sequence on East Greenland (and related sediments). We interpret the data to reflect a temporal evolution of the regional drainage system from northwestern to northeastern sources, with high-grade detritus reaching the Mid North Sea High in the Famennian–early Carboniferous. A late Carboniferous and an early Permian sandstone yielded zircon and rutile signatures compatible with recycling of Palaeozoic sediments north of southernmost Scotland, probably reflecting inversion tectonics. Recycling of Mesoproterozoic to Palaeozoic sediments is thus a prominent feature of the studied late Palaeozoic sandstones.
Electron microprobe data from rutile trace element analyses, additional rutile temperature plots and zircon LA-ICPMS U–Pb data are available at http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/SUP18617.
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Sediment Provenance Studies in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production
Sediment provenance studies concern the origin, composition, transportation and deposition of detritus and therefore are an important part of understanding the links between basinal sedimentation, and hinterland tectonics and unroofing. Such studies can add value at many stages of hydrocarbon exploitation, from identifying regional-scale crustal affinities and sediment dispersal patterns during the earliest stages of exploration, to detailed correlation in producing reservoirs and understanding the impact of mineralogy on reservoir diagenesis.
The volume showcases the wide variety of techniques available, using examples and applications from all aspects of sediment provenance research. The papers are organized into four sets around the following themes:
Overview: applications of provenance information in hydrocarbon reservoir sandstones
Provenance, diagenesis and reservoir quality
Provenance studies linking sediment to source
Looking forward: development of techniques and data handling
This book is dedicated to the memory of Maria Mange and Robert A. Scott.