Provenance study on Eocene–Miocene sandstones of the Rakhine Coastal Belt, Indo-Burman Ranges of Myanmar: Geodynamic implications
Published:January 01, 2014
T. T. Naing, D. A. Bussien, W. H. Winkler, M. Nold, A. Von Quadt, 2014. "Provenance study on Eocene–Miocene sandstones of the Rakhine Coastal Belt, Indo-Burman Ranges of Myanmar: Geodynamic implications", Sediment Provenance Studies in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production, R. A. Scott, H. R. Smyth, A. C. Morton, N. Richardson
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The Indo-Burman Ranges (IBR) represent an accretionary wedge, which is the result of subduction of the Indian plate beneath the Asian plate. In the Rakhine Coastal Belt it comprises a thick stack of Cretaceous to Neogene turbiditic sediments and localized thrust sheets of oceanic plate mafics and pelagic sediments. We investigate Eocene–Miocene sandstones, aiming to reveal the provenance of the detrital material using modal framework grain, heavy mineral and detrital zircon analysis (U–Pb laser ablation ICP-MS dating, Hf isotope geochemistry and typology). The results show a predominant derivation of the clastic material from: (i) Late Cretaceous to Oligocene igneous rocks, which are often bimodal with a low number of zircons spanning the Cretaceous–Palaeogene boundary, and (ii) recycled orogenic terrane sources comprising ophiolitic rocks. Age corrected Hf isotope ratios confirm subduction-related mixed mantle-crust sources. We also observe minor reworking of older magmatic zircons. By comparing our obtained petrographic parameters and zircon characteristics with potential Himalayan, Indian continent and Burman margin sources we conclude a Burman margin and arc origin provenance. With regard to hydrocarbon exploration in the IBR, a forearc and trench basin system model linked with the Burman arc appears more appropriate for evaluating the petroleum system.
sandstone modal composition, heavy mineral contents, detrital zircon U–Pb LA-ICPMS dating and hafnium results are available at http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/SUP18651.
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Sediment Provenance Studies in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production
Sediment provenance studies concern the origin, composition, transportation and deposition of detritus and therefore are an important part of understanding the links between basinal sedimentation, and hinterland tectonics and unroofing. Such studies can add value at many stages of hydrocarbon exploitation, from identifying regional-scale crustal affinities and sediment dispersal patterns during the earliest stages of exploration, to detailed correlation in producing reservoirs and understanding the impact of mineralogy on reservoir diagenesis.
The volume showcases the wide variety of techniques available, using examples and applications from all aspects of sediment provenance research. The papers are organized into four sets around the following themes:
Overview: applications of provenance information in hydrocarbon reservoir sandstones
Provenance, diagenesis and reservoir quality
Provenance studies linking sediment to source
Looking forward: development of techniques and data handling
This book is dedicated to the memory of Maria Mange and Robert A. Scott.