Tying catchment to basin in a giant sediment routing system: A source-to-sink study of the Neogene–Recent Amur River and its delta in the North Sakhalin Basin
Published:January 01, 2014
Uisdean Nicholson, Sarah Poynter, Peter D. Clift, David I. M. Macdonald, 2014. "Tying catchment to basin in a giant sediment routing system: A source-to-sink study of the Neogene–Recent Amur River and its delta in the North Sakhalin Basin", Sediment Provenance Studies in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production, R. A. Scott, H. R. Smyth, A. C. Morton, N. Richardson
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This paper uses an extensive dataset from more than 200 samples to provide a comprehensive source-to-sink analysis of the Amur River and its delta in the Russian Far East. The majority of sand-sized sediment in the Amur River and its former delta comes from upstream of the Lesser Khingan Ridge, shown by uniformity of sediment composition in the lower 1700 km of the river. Stable mineral ratios, U–Pb age spectra and garnet geochemistry show little stratigraphic provenance-specific variation in the Neogene delta. This renders Miocene–Pliocene drainage capture models unlikely.
The onset of uplift in the delta is marked by a decrease in the apatite–tourmaline index (ATi) in Upper Pliocene offshore well samples, caused by dissolution of apatite as sediments were uplifted and eroded onshore Sakhalin. These wells also show variable ATi and garnet–zircon index (GZi) values in Lower Miocene samples, which could potentially be used for stratigraphic correlation.
A positive correlation between GZi values and distance from the river mouth is attributed to hydrodynamic sorting across the delta system. This has negative implications for the use of this stable mineral index and others of a similar hydraulic equivalence as regional correlation tools on a basin scale (>100 km).
Heavy mineral data, petrographic data, geochronometric data, sample locations available at www.geolsoc.org.uk/SUP18643.
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Sediment Provenance Studies in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production
Sediment provenance studies concern the origin, composition, transportation and deposition of detritus and therefore are an important part of understanding the links between basinal sedimentation, and hinterland tectonics and unroofing. Such studies can add value at many stages of hydrocarbon exploitation, from identifying regional-scale crustal affinities and sediment dispersal patterns during the earliest stages of exploration, to detailed correlation in producing reservoirs and understanding the impact of mineralogy on reservoir diagenesis.
The volume showcases the wide variety of techniques available, using examples and applications from all aspects of sediment provenance research. The papers are organized into four sets around the following themes:
Overview: applications of provenance information in hydrocarbon reservoir sandstones
Provenance, diagenesis and reservoir quality
Provenance studies linking sediment to source
Looking forward: development of techniques and data handling
This book is dedicated to the memory of Maria Mange and Robert A. Scott.