Heavy mineral provenance of the Mesozoic succession in Andøya, northern Norway: Implications for sand transport in the Vøring Basin
Published:January 01, 2014
Andrew Morton, Mark Fanning, John R. Berry, 2014. "Heavy mineral provenance of the Mesozoic succession in Andøya, northern Norway: Implications for sand transport in the Vøring Basin", Sediment Provenance Studies in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production, R. A. Scott, H. R. Smyth, A. C. Morton, N. Richardson
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A heavy mineral, mineral chemical and detrital zircon study of Jurassic–Cretaceous (Bathonian–Valanginian) sandstones of the Andøya B borehole, Lofoten–Vesterålen, northern Norway, has revealed the existence of significant differences within the succession. These are related partly to changes in source and partly to variations in the extent of weathering during alluvial storage. Three mineralogical units have been identified. The main change takes place within the Bathonian, and is interpreted as marking a switch from eastern (West Troms) to western (Andøya–Lofoten High) sourcing, consistent with previously published sedimentological models. U–Pb age data indicate that most of the zircons were derived from Palaeoproterozoic rocks (c. 1750–1860 Ma), with a subordinate Archaean group (c. 2600–2800 Ma) and a small early Palaeozoic group (mostly in the 435–446 Ma range). These groups can all be tied back to lithological components of the Lofoten–Vesterålen and West Troms regions, including Palaeozoic rocks hosted in Caledonian allochthons.
The provenance characteristics of the Andøya succession have no counterpart in Cretaceous and Paleocene sandstones of the Vøring Basin. This suggests that sediment fed into the basin from Lofoten–Vesterålen was of minor importance, and that prospective Cretaceous–Paleocene hydrocarbon reservoir sandstones in the Vøring Basin were mainly derived from either northern Nordland or northern East Greenland.
Zircon isotopic compositions and ages are available at http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/SUP18616.
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Sediment Provenance Studies in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production
Sediment provenance studies concern the origin, composition, transportation and deposition of detritus and therefore are an important part of understanding the links between basinal sedimentation, and hinterland tectonics and unroofing. Such studies can add value at many stages of hydrocarbon exploitation, from identifying regional-scale crustal affinities and sediment dispersal patterns during the earliest stages of exploration, to detailed correlation in producing reservoirs and understanding the impact of mineralogy on reservoir diagenesis.
The volume showcases the wide variety of techniques available, using examples and applications from all aspects of sediment provenance research. The papers are organized into four sets around the following themes:
Overview: applications of provenance information in hydrocarbon reservoir sandstones
Provenance, diagenesis and reservoir quality
Provenance studies linking sediment to source
Looking forward: development of techniques and data handling
This book is dedicated to the memory of Maria Mange and Robert A. Scott.