Roger J. Cordiner, 2014. "The variety and distribution of building stones used in the churches of West Sussex, England, from AD 950 to 1850", Stone in Historic Buildings: Characterization and Performance, J. Cassar, M. G. Winter, B. R. Marker, N. R. G. Walton, D. C. Entwisle, E. N. Bromhead, J. W. N. Smith
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A large number of different building stones were used during the period AD 950–1850 in West Sussex churches, with 52 different types identified and named in this study. The building stones include local Tertiary and Cretaceous rocks, as well as imported rocks from the Isle of Wight, Dorset and Normandy. One hundred and eighty churches, mainly built during the period from the eleventh to the sixteenth centuries but with a few ranging in age up until the mid-nineteenth century, have been visited to identify the building stones used. The distribution pattern of use of four building stones – Tunbridge Wells Sandstone, Hythe Formation Sandstone, Mixon Stone and Quarr Stone – is presented and analysed. These building stones show distinctive patterns of distribution, which are related to geological, geographical, economic, architectural and historical factors. The building stones native to West Sussex are of considerable geological interest as few quarries or other exposures showing these strata are now present.
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There is considerable academic and practical interest in stone and stone buildings, as exemplified by the wide range of high-quality and innovative work being conducted in the pursuit of the effective preservation and restoration of historic buildings. This is reflected in the numerous publications on stone and stone buildings that regularly find their way into the public domain. Not least amongst these are a number of Geological Society Special Publications, which have appeared in recent years. This current volume seeks to bring to the attention of the various professionals in the field (geologists, architects, engineers, conservators and conservation scientists) recent work centred on the characterization and performance of this important resource and its use in historic buildings. The volume has wider relevance, including to those interested in the heritage of stone.