Skip to Main Content
Book Chapter

Provenance, characterization and decay of a porous calcarenite of the Puglia region (‘Pietra Gentile’)

By
A. Calia
A. Calia
CNR, Institute of Archaeological and Monumental Heritage, University Campus, Prov. le Lecce Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Search for other works by this author on:
M. Sileo
M. Sileo
CNR, Institute of Archaeological and Monumental Heritage, Research Area of Potenza, 85050 Tito Scalo, Pz, Italy
Search for other works by this author on:
L. Matera
L. Matera
Department of Earth and Geo-Environmental Science, Bari University, University Campus, 70125 Bari, Italy
Search for other works by this author on:
Published:
January 01, 2014

Abstract

Conservation of the built heritage requires knowledge of the characteristics and use of the constituent materials and their state of conservation. Knowledge of the material's source is important for laboratory studies and stone replacement, but it also has historic-cultural significance with respect to the exploitation of stone resources in the past. In this sense, we present a study of ‘Pietra Gentile’, a traditional building material of southern Italy, through which we aimed to acquire knowledge concerning the quarries, characteristics of extracted materials, use and decay features within buildings. Ancient and active quarries were identified and the petrographical, chemical-mineralogical and physical features of the quarry materials were studied. The use of the stone was documented in many historic towns in the area, including monuments and minor buildings, and the main decay morphologies were detected by field activities and laboratory analyses. The high susceptibility of the stone to the actions of water and salts was highlighted. Field and laboratory data of quarries and artefacts were organized into a database as a source of knowledge useful for the evaluation, preservation and promotion of cultural heritage.

You do not currently have access to this article.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Stone in Historic Buildings: Characterization and Performance

J. Cassar
J. Cassar
Search for other works by this author on:
M. G. Winter
M. G. Winter
Search for other works by this author on:
B. R. Marker
B. R. Marker
Search for other works by this author on:
N. R. G. Walton
N. R. G. Walton
Search for other works by this author on:
D. C. Entwisle
D. C. Entwisle
Search for other works by this author on:
E. N. Bromhead
E. N. Bromhead
Search for other works by this author on:
J. W. N. Smith
J. W. N. Smith
Search for other works by this author on:
Geological Society of London
Volume
391
ISBN electronic:
9781862396678
Publication date:
January 01, 2014

GeoRef

References

Related

Citing Books via

A comprehensive resource of eBooks for researchers in the Earth Sciences

Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal