A recent calibration of the 40Ar/39Ar geochronometer is based on an optimization analysis of 40K activity data, isotopic data for the Fish Canyon sanidine (FCs) standard, and pairs of 40Ar/39Ar+238U–206Pb data from selected samples meeting well-documented quality criteria. Inclusion of 238U–206Pb data in the calibration incorporates the precisely known 238U decay constant. Thus, this calibration is inherently consistent with the U–Pb chronometer. Initial presentation of the calibration included an inappropriate datum and should be eschewed in preference to a revision. Compared with previous calibrations, including those focusing mainly on the age of a standard (e.g. astronomical calibrations), the optimization calibration provides superior accuracy in the sense of propagated age uncertainty, particularly for ages much older than the FCs. Recent literature reveals that the optimization-based calibration has been misused and misrepresented in some cases; discussion of these cases clarifies the correct usage of the approach. Apparent conflict between 40Ar/39Ar and 238U–206Pb ages for a Quaternary tuff do not appear to be a result of error in one of the three parameters determined by the optimization approach for the 40Ar/39Ar system. The optimization approach easily accommodates new constraints, but rigorous quality control is needed to maintain accuracy.
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Advances in 40Ar/39Ar Dating: From Archaeology to Planetary Sciences
Decoding the complete history of Earth and our solar system requires the placing of the scattered pages of Earth history in a precise chronological order, and the 40Ar/39Ar dating technique is one of the most trusted dating techniques to do that. The 40Ar/39Ar method has been in use for more than 40 years, and has constantly evolved since then. The steady improvement of the technique is largely due to a better understanding of the K/Ar system, an appreciation of the subtleties of geological material and a continuous refinement of the analytical tools used for isotope extraction and counting. The 40Ar/39Ar method is also one of the most versatile techniques with countless applications in archaeology, tectonics, structural geology, orogenic processes and provenance studies, ore and petroleum genesis, volcanology, weathering processes and climate, and planetary geology. This volume is the first of its kind and covers methodological developments, modelling, data handling, and direct applications of the 40Ar/39Ar technique.