A brief history of modelling Foraminifera: from d’Orbigny to Zheng Shouyi
C. Giles Miller, 2013. "A brief history of modelling Foraminifera: from d’Orbigny to Zheng Shouyi", Landmarks in Foraminiferal Micropalaeontology: History and Development, A. J. Bowden, F. J. Gregory, A. S. Henderson
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Details of how and why foraminiferal models were made by d’Orbigny, Reuss/Frič, Zittel, Pearcey, Chaffer (Flatters and Garnett), Brooks F. Ellis, Kane Scientific, Louis Kornicker, Zach Arnold, John Murray, Geoff Adams and Zheng Shouyi are described in chronological order. The most readily available examples have been mass produced by moulding from plaster of Paris but other materials, such as plastic, wax, glass, sand, granite, limestone, marble and sandstone, have also been used. Some have been distributed as sets commercially or as gifts while others are one-off creations. Most were made as teaching aids, some to illustrate early foraminiferal classification schemes and others intended as museum display objects. The research interest of each maker is reflected in their choice of modelled taxa and, as a result, these model sets viewed chronologically show some historical details about the study of Foraminifera.
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This TMS Special Publication comprises a collection of 23 papers with an international authorship reflecting on landmarks in the history and development of Foraminiferal micropalaeontology. The volume is prefaced by an introductory overview that provides a brief and selected historical setting, as well as the intended aims of the book. Selected developments in Foraminiferal studies from a global perspective are presented from the time of Alcide d’Orbignyand the founding of the Paris MNHN collections in the mid-nineteenth century to the use of foraminifera in industry, other museum collections, palaeoceanography and environmental studies, regional studies from the Southern Hemisphere and the riseand fall of significant research schools. The book concludes with a chapter on the modelling of foraminifera. Landmarks in Foraminiferal Micropalaeontology: History and Development will be of particular interest to micropalaeontologists, other Earth scientists, historians of science, museum curators and the general reader with an interest in science.