History of foraminiferal collections at the Smithsonian Institution
Brian T. Huber, Martin A. Buzas, Alice Drew, Jennifer A. Jett, 2013. "History of foraminiferal collections at the Smithsonian Institution", Landmarks in Foraminiferal Micropalaeontology: History and Development, A. J. Bowden, F. J. Gregory, A. S. Henderson
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The Smithsonian Institution’s foraminiferal collections, collectively identified as the Cushman Collection, consist of nearly 17 000 primary type slides, more than 240 000 secondary type and identified slides and thousands of bulk samples and washed residue samples from important type localities, stratigraphic sections and land-based and deep-sea boreholes. The collection grew slowly from its beginning in the late 1800s, but acquisition of Joseph A. Cushman’s entire research collection in 1950 dramatically increased its size and international prominence. Following Cushman’s gift, the collection grew over three times larger during the late twentieth century as additional foraminiferal slides and samples were added. Biographical profiles are presented here for key research scientists who were particularly influential in the collection’s growth and/or curation at the Smithsonian Institution. These researchers include T. Wayland Vaughan, Joseph A. Cushman, Lloyd G. Henbest, Ruth Todd, Alfred R. Loeblich Jr, Thomas Gibson and Raymond C. Douglass.
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This TMS Special Publication comprises a collection of 23 papers with an international authorship reflecting on landmarks in the history and development of Foraminiferal micropalaeontology. The volume is prefaced by an introductory overview that provides a brief and selected historical setting, as well as the intended aims of the book. Selected developments in Foraminiferal studies from a global perspective are presented from the time of Alcide d’Orbignyand the founding of the Paris MNHN collections in the mid-nineteenth century to the use of foraminifera in industry, other museum collections, palaeoceanography and environmental studies, regional studies from the Southern Hemisphere and the riseand fall of significant research schools. The book concludes with a chapter on the modelling of foraminifera. Landmarks in Foraminiferal Micropalaeontology: History and Development will be of particular interest to micropalaeontologists, other Earth scientists, historians of science, museum curators and the general reader with an interest in science.