Studying Holocene environmental change in the Marmara Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea and Aral Sea using dinoflagellate cysts
Published:January 01, 2013
L. R. Bradley, F. Marret, 2013. "Studying Holocene environmental change in the Marmara Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea and Aral Sea using dinoflagellate cysts", Biological and Geological Perspectives of Dinoflagellates, J. M. Lewis, F. Marret, L. R. Bradley
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Organic-walled dinoﬂagellate cysts are generally abundant and well preserved in the sediments of the Marmara Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea and Aral Sea making them an attractive proxy to study changes in sea-surface conditions. The number of studies involving dinoﬂagellate cysts from sediments of these seas has proliferated over the past decade and this paper aims to present an introduction to research in this region. The environments, both at present and during the Holocene, are unique in character and represent a number of challenges to researchers. Many of the dinoﬂagellate cysts recorded in the region are endemic, exhibit large morphological variation and have ecological niches that are poorly constrained. Those that are relatively well known are usually cosmopolitan, euryhaline species such as Lingulodinium machaerophorum, making precise environmental reconstruction difﬁcult. Yet despite these challenges, dinoﬂagellate cysts have played an important role in understanding Holocene sea-surface conditions, notably salinities, of these seas.
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Biological and Geological Perspectives of Dinoflagellates
This volume provides an overview of current research on fossil and modern dinoflagellates, as well as highlighting research areas for future collaboration, following the DINO9 International Conference in Liverpool. The volume is organized into four themes, with a review paper for each theme written by the key-note speaker. Each theme also includes a future research foci note following discussion during the conference. The contributions are organized into the following sections: environmental change, ecology/palaeoecology, life cycles and diversity, and stratigraphy and evolution. Also included are notes from two workshops: culture experiments and dinocysts as palaeoceanographic tracers. This volume will be of interest to both the biological and Micropalaeontological communities.