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The study of dinoflagellates and their cysts has been ongoing for the last c. 250 years following the pioneering work of the early, passionate researchers who first described them with rudimentary microscopes. The quality of modern microscopes and other laboratory equipment, coupled with enhanced computer capabilities, has extended the frontiers of research beyond what was thought possible even half a century ago. New research topics have emerged in accordance with today’s scientific and socio-economic priorities. Here we describe six of these research areas that have the most potential to advance our knowledge of dinoflagellate ecology and systematics.

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