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Abstract

Major fluctuations in carbon-isotope composition (−2.8 to +5.4‰), as well as in oxygen-isotope composition (−10.2 to −2.1‰), are documented for Hauterivian–Albian shallow-water platform carbonate deposits in Pădurea Craiului (Apuseni Mountains, Romania). A composite carbon- and oxygen-isotope curve reveals the OAE1a and OAE1b as the main oceanic anoxic events (OAEs). Black shales or organic-rich levels, generally associated with such events, are poorly developed in Pădurea Craiului, testifying to slightly different responses to the carbon cycle perturbation between shallow- and deep-water environments. Palaeotemperatures of about 16–35 °C can be envisaged for the Late Hauterivian and Barremian in Pădurea Craiului, similar to those inferred from belemnite stable-isotope data from the Bersek Quarry (Gerecse Mountains, Hungary). For the Early Aptian interval, the δ13C variation pattern in Pădurea Craiului is similar to that documented in the Rochovica section from the Slovak Western Carpathians, developed in a deeper-water environment, although the interval of variation in Pădurea Craiului corresponds better to other shallow-water environment sections in the western Tethys.

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