Plio-Quaternary stress regime in Eşen Çay Basin, SW Turkey
Semir Över, Süha Özden, Hüseyin Yilmaz, Ali Pinar, Ulvi Can Ünlügenç, Zuheyr Kamaci, 2013. "Plio-Quaternary stress regime in Eşen Çay Basin, SW Turkey", Geological Development of Anatolia and the Easternmost Mediterranean Region, A. H. F. Robertson, O. Parlak, U. C. Ünlügenç
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The Plio-Quaternary Eşen Çay Basin is situated at the junction of Hellenic and Cyprus arcs in southwestern Turkey. The basin is important for understanding the tectonic evolution of the region in relation to the Hellenic and Cyprus arcs. Fault data from unconsolidated Pliocene and Quaternary deposits, as well as from pre-Pliocene lithologies, are analysed in order to reconstruct the evolution of the stress field evolution from Pliocene onwards. Inversion of measured fault slip vector data identifies two main stress states: extensional and strike-slip. Both states are characterized by a NE–SW-trending minimum horizontal stress axis (σHmin=σ3). The mean R value is 0.67, indicating a triaxial state of stress. The inversion also indicates the existence of extensional and strike-slip faulting characterized by a NW–SE-trending σ3 axis. This indicates a change in the direction of the minimum horizontal stress axis (σ3) from a NW–SE-trending σ3 that dominated prior to Quaternary to a NE–SW-trending σ3 that dominated during Quaternary up to actual time.
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Geological Development of Anatolia and the Easternmost Mediterranean Region
Anatolia and the easternmost Mediterranean region, especially Turkey, Cyprus and northern Syria, represent an excellent natural laboratory for the study of fundamental geological processes (e.g. rifting, seafloor spreading, ophiolite genesis and emplacement, subduction, exhumation and collision). Their interaction has created an intriguing array of deep-sea basins, microcontinents and suture zones.
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