Depositional and halokinetic-sequence stratigraphy of the Neoproterozoic Wonoka Formation adjacent to Patawarta allochthonous salt sheet, Central Flinders Ranges, South Australia
Rachelle A. Kernen, Katherine A. Giles, Mark G. Rowan, Timothy F. Lawton, Thomas E. Hearon, 2012. "Depositional and halokinetic-sequence stratigraphy of the Neoproterozoic Wonoka Formation adjacent to Patawarta allochthonous salt sheet, Central Flinders Ranges, South Australia", Salt Tectonics, Sediments and Prospectivity, G. I. Alsop, S. G. Archer, A. J. Hartley, N. T. Grant, R. Hodgkinson
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Parts of two third-order Neoproterozoic (Marinoan) depositional sequences are documented in the Wilpena Group (Wonoka Formation and Bonney Sandstone) at Patawarta diapir, located in the central Flinders Ranges, South Australia. These sequences represent an overall regressive succession transitioning upwards from outer to middle wave-dominated shelf deposits to a tidally dominated barrier bar to coastal plain. The lower, middle, upper limestone and green mudstone informal members of the Wonoka Formation comprise the Highstand Systems Tract of the lower sequence. The Sequence Boundary is at the top of the Wonoka green mudstone member and is overlain by the Lowstand Systems Tract of the upper sequence, which includes the lower dolomite, sandstone and upper dolomite beds of the Patsy Hill Member of the Bonney Sandstone. The upper sequence Transgressive Systems Tract comprises the Bonney Sandstone. These units comprise one complete tapered composite halokinetic sequence (CHS). The lower halokinetic-sequence boundary is associated with the Maximum Flooding Surface of the lower depositional sequence and the upper halokinetic-sequence boundary is interpreted as the Transgressive Surface of the overlying depositional sequence where an angular truncation of up to 90° is documented.