Published:January 01, 2013
The Nova Scotia and Morocco margins formed within a transition between volcanic margins to the south and non-volcanic margins to the north. We present deep seismic profiles to document the nature of this transition. Profiles on the Nova Scotia margin show two major transitions. The first transition represents a sharp reduction in syn-rift volcanism coincident with major changes in the East Coast Magnetic Anomaly and with the southern limit of the Slope Diapiric Province. The second transition represents a further restriction in syn- and post-rift volcanism leading to exposure of serpentinized mantle or the creation of highly tectonized oceanic crust. This transition is marked by highly extended and faulted continental crustal blocks. Revised plate reconstructions show similar transitions along the Moroccan margin. The southern transition occurs at a major change in the West Africa Coast Magnetic Anomaly and the southern limit of the Morocco Salt Basin. The second transition occurs at a major basement high (Tafelney Plateau), which is considered a high relief accommodation zone and contains highly extended faulted crustal blocks similar to those in a conjugate position off central Nova Scotia. This transition marks a major change in rifting asymmetry and separates the margins into two fundamentally distinct segments.
Figures & Tables
Conjugate Divergent Margins
The main focus of the book is the geological and geophysical interpretation of sedimentary basins along the South, Central and North Atlantic conjugate margins, but concepts derived from physical models, outcrop analogues and present-day margins are also discussed in some chapters. There is an encompassing description of several conjugate margins worldwide, based on recent geophysical and geological datasets. An overview of important aspects related to the geodynamic development and petroleum geology of Atlantic-type sedimentary basins is also included. Several chapters analyse genetic mechanisms and break-up processes associated with rift-phase structures and salt tectonics, providing a full description of conjugate margin basins based on deep seismic profiles and potential field methods.