The Namibian and Brazilian southern South Atlantic petroleum systems: are they comparable analogues?
Published:January 01, 2013
Marcio Rocha Mello, Nilo C. De Azambuja Filho, André A. Bender, Silvana Maria Barbanti, Webster Mohriak, Priscila Schmitt, Carlos Luciano C. De Jesus, 2013. "The Namibian and Brazilian southern South Atlantic petroleum systems: are they comparable analogues?", Conjugate Divergent Margins, W. U. Mohriak, A. Danforth, P. J. Post, D. E. Brown, G. C. Tari, M. Nemčok, S. T. Sinha
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Tectonic reconstructions made across the southern South Atlantic Ocean indicate a diversity of rift and drift basin characteristics on the conjugate margins that define them as different stratigraphic and structural entities. In terms of petroleum systems, the basins are not as unlike as some characteristics suggest. Given the lack of significant hydrocarbon discoveries to date south of the Walvis Ridge, doubts have been cast on the presence in this area of the prolific Lower Cretaceous lacustrine and marine source rock systems, which are well known in the Greater Campos Basin and offshore Angola. Oils and condensates from the basins south and north of the Walvis Ridge exhibit geochemical similarities suggesting that comparable source rock systems are present in both areas. The condensate geochemical analysis results from the Kudu Field in Namibia are compared with oils from marine and lacustrine sources in Brazil, indicating that the Kudu condensates are derived from at least two different source rocks. These results suggest that the underexplored basins offshore Namibia contain thermally mature Lower Cretaceous lacustrine and marine source rocks, offering a new frontier for petroleum exploration in Africa's southern South Atlantic.
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Conjugate Divergent Margins
The main focus of the book is the geological and geophysical interpretation of sedimentary basins along the South, Central and North Atlantic conjugate margins, but concepts derived from physical models, outcrop analogues and present-day margins are also discussed in some chapters. There is an encompassing description of several conjugate margins worldwide, based on recent geophysical and geological datasets. An overview of important aspects related to the geodynamic development and petroleum geology of Atlantic-type sedimentary basins is also included. Several chapters analyse genetic mechanisms and break-up processes associated with rift-phase structures and salt tectonics, providing a full description of conjugate margin basins based on deep seismic profiles and potential field methods.