Mechanical stratigraphy and (palaeo-) karstification of the Murge area (Apulia, southern Italy)
Carl Jacquemyn, Rudy Swennen, Paola Ronchi, 2012. "Mechanical stratigraphy and (palaeo-) karstification of the Murge area (Apulia, southern Italy)", Advances in Carbonate Exploration and Reservoir Analysis, J. Garland, J. E. Neilson, S. E. Laubach, K. J. Whidden
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The Cretaceous Apulia Platform, exposed in the Murge area (southern Italy), suffered intense (palaeo)karstification. This study focuses on the controlling factors of karstification with emphasis on fracturing. Mechanical stratigraphy was used to calculate the fracture density within different sedimentary sequences. Several mechanical units were defined and a characteristic relationship was found between unit thicknesses and fracture density, that is, fracture density increases if layer thickness decreases. In some of the quarries studied, sedimentary cycles are clearly present that are also reflected in the fracture density logs. The degree of karstification within a mechanical unit is proportional to the mean fracture spacing. Based on fracture orientation data extracted from LIDAR scans, different orientation clusters were observed between fractures that are karstified and fractures that are not karstified, post-dating karstification. The clusters of karstified fractures are related to the compression of the southern Apennines. The fractures became dissolution enlarged during the Pleistocene uplift caused by bulging of the Apulia Platform. This main karstification phase occurred prior to Late-Pleistocene deposition and before the formation of orthogonal fracture sets.
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Carbonate reservoirs contain an increasingly important percentage of the world's hydrocarbon reserves. This volume presents key recent advances in carbonate exploration and reservoir analysis. As well as a comprehensive overview of the trends in carbonate over the years, the volume focuses on four key areas:
emerging plays and techniques – with special reference to lacustrine plays in syn-rift basins and development of super-giant heavy oil plays
improved reservoir characterization – with examples from the Middle East and Europe and case studies of how outcrop analogues can provide key data for input to geological models
impact of fractures and faults in carbonates –contributors highlight the need for integrated structural and diagenetic approaches in order to understand how fractures evolve as fluid-flow conduits
advances in geomodelling of carbonate reservoirs –several papers discuss the application of new and innovative geomodelling and geostatistical techniques to carbonate reservoirs.