Late Ordovician tunnel valleys in southern Jordan
Published:January 01, 2012
G. Douillet, J.-F. Ghienne, Y. Géraud, A. Abueladas, M. Diraison, A. Al-Zoubi, 2012. "Late Ordovician tunnel valleys in southern Jordan", Glaciogenic Reservoirs and Hydrocarbon Systems, M. Huuse, J. Redfern, D. P. Le Heron, R. J. Dixon, A. Moscariello, J. Craig
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The Upper Ordovician glacial record of southern Jordan (Ammar Fm.) essentially consists of palaeovalley infills and of a subordinate time-transgressive fluvial to shallow-marine succession overstepping both the palaeovalleys and interfluvial areas. Valley size (depth, 60–160 m; width, 1–3 km), steep (20–50°) margins, internal organization and depositional facies point to an origin as tunnel valleys. The tunnel valleys are infilled by either fluvioglacial sandstones or fluviodeltaic coarsening-upward successions including fine-grained clayey sediments. Re-occupation of previous valleys is evident in places. At least three generations of tunnel valleys are inferred from cross-cutting relationships, although they most probably only reflect temporary standstills and minor re-advances related to the overall recession following the main glacial advance recorded in Saudi Arabia. Petrophysical measurements indicate that higher permeabilities are located in the glacially related strata (1.5–3 darcy in fluvioglacial infills), with a somewhat reduced porosity (22–28%) relative to the preglacial sandstones owing to a higher clay content, probably of diagenetic origin. Sandstone amalgamation, however, gives the fluvioglacial sandstones a high reservoir quality.
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Glaciogenic Reservoirs and Hydrocarbon Systems
Glaciogenic reservoirs and hydrocarbon systems occur intermittently throughout the stratigraphic record, with particular prominence in Neoproterozoic, Late Ordovician, Permo-Carboniferous and Late Cenozoic strata. Recent interest in glaciogenic successions has been fuelled by hydrocarbon discoveries in ancient glaciogenic reservoirs in North Africa, the Middle East, Australia and South America. Glaciogenic deposits of Pleistocene age are noteworthy for their content of groundwater onshore and potentially prospective and/or hazardous gas accumulations offshore. The abundant imprints of Pleistocene glaciations in both hemispheres can be used to reconstruct complex histories of repeated ice cover and retreat, and glacier-bed interactions, thus informing our view on the dynamics of older ice caps and predictions of future glaciations. This volume aims to provide a better understanding of glaciogenic processes, their stratigraphic record and reservoir characteristics of glaciogenic deposits. The book comprises 3 overview papers and 16 original case studies of Neoproterozoic to Pleistocene successions on 6 continents and will be of interest to sedimentologists, glaciologists, geophysicists, hydrologists and petroleum geologists alike.