An Early Pleistocene grounded ice sheet in the Central North Sea
Published:January 01, 2012
F. A. Buckley, 2012. "An Early Pleistocene grounded ice sheet in the Central North Sea", Glaciogenic Reservoirs and Hydrocarbon Systems, M. Huuse, J. Redfern, D. P. Le Heron, R. J. Dixon, A. Moscariello, J. Craig
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Evidence is presented for an Early Pleistocene grounded ice sheet in the Central North Sea (CNS). Dated basal Quaternary deposits from UK well 30/13-2 Josephine coincide with the lowest iceberg ploughmarked horizon in a southern CNS depocentre. This horizon has been traced northwards into the central CNS where it is identified as the Crenulate reflection, which exhibits a series of deep, channel-like features, interpreted as subglacial meltwater channels. Further north, a seismic reflection at the same level is characterized by megascale lineations that are interpreted to be the result of erosion, deposition and deformation of sediment beneath an advancing ice sheet. An overlying seismic reflection is characterized by a well-developed channel system that is thought to have drained the retreating ice sheet prior to a post-glacial marine transgression. A southern CNS Early Pleistocene depocentre is shown to have become inactive sometime in the Early to Middle Pleistocene and was replaced by a developing depocentre in the central and northern CNS that remained active into the Late Pleistocene. Evidence for an Elsterian or older grounded ice sheet in UK Continental Shelf Quad 22 is presented in the form of glaciotectonic thrust features.
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Glaciogenic Reservoirs and Hydrocarbon Systems
Glaciogenic reservoirs and hydrocarbon systems occur intermittently throughout the stratigraphic record, with particular prominence in Neoproterozoic, Late Ordovician, Permo-Carboniferous and Late Cenozoic strata. Recent interest in glaciogenic successions has been fuelled by hydrocarbon discoveries in ancient glaciogenic reservoirs in North Africa, the Middle East, Australia and South America. Glaciogenic deposits of Pleistocene age are noteworthy for their content of groundwater onshore and potentially prospective and/or hazardous gas accumulations offshore. The abundant imprints of Pleistocene glaciations in both hemispheres can be used to reconstruct complex histories of repeated ice cover and retreat, and glacier-bed interactions, thus informing our view on the dynamics of older ice caps and predictions of future glaciations. This volume aims to provide a better understanding of glaciogenic processes, their stratigraphic record and reservoir characteristics of glaciogenic deposits. The book comprises 3 overview papers and 16 original case studies of Neoproterozoic to Pleistocene successions on 6 continents and will be of interest to sedimentologists, glaciologists, geophysicists, hydrologists and petroleum geologists alike.