Seismic investigations of buried tunnel valleys on- and offshore Denmark
Published:January 01, 2012
Theis Raaschou Andersen, Mads Huuse, Flemming Jørgensen, Steen Christensen, 2012. "Seismic investigations of buried tunnel valleys on- and offshore Denmark", Glaciogenic Reservoirs and Hydrocarbon Systems, M. Huuse, J. Redfern, D. P. Le Heron, R. J. Dixon, A. Moscariello, J. Craig
Download citation file:
Tunnel valleys on- and offshore Denmark have been investigated based on a database of 1000 km two-dimensional (2D) onshore seismic data, 5600 km 2D offshore seismic data and 1200 km2 three-dimensional (3D) offshore seismic data. From the 2D data we identified 216 onshore and 674 offshore seismic tunnel valley intersections, and 55 individual valleys were identified from three 3D surveys. The majority of the valleys have depths ranging from 50 to 200 m and widths between 500 and 1500 m. Up to seven generations of tunnel valleys were identified, indicating repeated erosion and deposition within the study area. The valleys were most likely formed by subglacial meltwater erosion during the last three glaciations. Statistical analyses conducted on the data show that there are no significant differences between the onshore and offshore valleys with respect to their depth and shape; they share morphological and structural characteristics. The onshore seismic data have been analysed in conjunction with lithological information from boreholes. The analyses show that tunnel valley bottoms terminate equally commonly in substrates dominated by clay and sand, and that the valley shapes are similar for the two substrates.
Figures & Tables
Glaciogenic Reservoirs and Hydrocarbon Systems
Glaciogenic reservoirs and hydrocarbon systems occur intermittently throughout the stratigraphic record, with particular prominence in Neoproterozoic, Late Ordovician, Permo-Carboniferous and Late Cenozoic strata. Recent interest in glaciogenic successions has been fuelled by hydrocarbon discoveries in ancient glaciogenic reservoirs in North Africa, the Middle East, Australia and South America. Glaciogenic deposits of Pleistocene age are noteworthy for their content of groundwater onshore and potentially prospective and/or hazardous gas accumulations offshore. The abundant imprints of Pleistocene glaciations in both hemispheres can be used to reconstruct complex histories of repeated ice cover and retreat, and glacier-bed interactions, thus informing our view on the dynamics of older ice caps and predictions of future glaciations. This volume aims to provide a better understanding of glaciogenic processes, their stratigraphic record and reservoir characteristics of glaciogenic deposits. The book comprises 3 overview papers and 16 original case studies of Neoproterozoic to Pleistocene successions on 6 continents and will be of interest to sedimentologists, glaciologists, geophysicists, hydrologists and petroleum geologists alike.