Mesoproterozoic emplacement and enriched mantle derivation of the Racherla alkali syenite, Palaeo-Mesoproterozoic Cuddapah Basin, southern India: insights from in situ Sr–Nd isotopic analysis on apatite
N. V. Chalapathi Rao, Fu-Yuan Wu, M. Srinivas, 2012. "Mesoproterozoic emplacement and enriched mantle derivation of the Racherla alkali syenite, Palaeo-Mesoproterozoic Cuddapah Basin, southern India: insights from in situ Sr–Nd isotopic analysis on apatite", Palaeoproterozoic of India, R. Mazumder, D. Saha
Download citation file:
We report an in situ Sm–Nd isochron age of 1326±73 Ma, determined by LA-MC-ICP-MS (laser ablation-multiple collector-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry), on crystalline apatite grains from the Racherla alkali syenite occurring in the Palaeo-Mesoproterozoic Cuddapah Basin, southern India. The obtained Mesoproterozoic age necessitates the Racherla syenite to be an intrusive into the sedimentary rocks of the Cuddapah Basin contrary to some previous suggestion that it represents an inlier of the basement pluton. Age of the dated syenite, within its error limits, is also coeval with that of the nearby Chelima lamproite (1354±52 Ma) and other syenite complexes (c. 1352 Ma) located elsewhere within the Eastern Ghats Mobile Belt, southern India, thereby implying a common geotectonic control in all of their generation. Incompatible trace element signatures (high La/Nb, Zr/Nb and La/Yb), 87Sr/86Sr (0.70432±10) and the lower Nd isotopic ratio (ɛNd(t) −8.9) of the apatite suggest derivation of the Racherla syenite parent magma from an enriched mantle source. Our findings provide compelling evidence for the existence of ancient (c. 2.6 Ga) metasomatized lithospheric mantle, at the Archaean–Palaeoproterozoic boundary, beneath the Cuddapah Basin. This enriched mantle appears to have had played a dominant role in the generation of co-spatial and coeval lamproites within and around the Cuddapah Basin and a plethora of alkaline and sub-alkaline syenites within the Eastern Ghats Mobile Belt. Implications of our study in the context of Indo-Antarctic collisional tectonics are also explored.
Figures & Tables
Palaeoproterozoic of India
The Indian shield represents a vast repository of the Palaeoproterozoic geological record. Built over the four large amalgamated Archaean nuclei (Dharwar, Bastar, Singhbhum and Aravalli–Bundelkhand) the major and minor Palaeoproterozoic sedimentary basins and supracrustal sequences in India are comparable in scale, and perhaps also in development, to those of North America, Africa, Australia and Brazil. The deformation of these supracrustal sequences, attendant metamorphism and emplacement of plutonic bodies hold important clues to their connection with major orogenies. Research in these areas has led to investigations into global correlation, which in turn has had a direct bearing on refining models of Palaeoproterozoic supercontinent assembly and break-up. This book covers various aspects of regional geology as well as broader issues of the Indian Palaeoproterozoic geology and its global context. It is an outcome of the UNESCO-IGCP 509 Palaeoproterozoic Supercontinents and Global Evolution research project.