Stability of chloritoid + biotite-bearing assemblages in some metapelites from the Palaeoproterozoic Singhbhum Shear Zone, eastern India and their implications
Nandini Sengupta, 2012. "Stability of chloritoid + biotite-bearing assemblages in some metapelites from the Palaeoproterozoic Singhbhum Shear Zone, eastern India and their implications", Palaeoproterozoic of India, R. Mazumder, D. Saha
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The arcuate Singhbhum Shear Zone (SSZ) of the East Indian Shield area, fringing the Archaean Singhbhum Craton, exposes a mélange-like ensemble of polymetamorphosed and highly tectonized siliciclastic sediments, mafic–ultramafic extrusive, tourmaline-rich rocks, magnetite–apatite rocks, granites and Cu–Fe–U sulphide ores of Meso- to Palaeoproterozoic age (1.5–1.77 Ga). Metapelites from two localities in the SSZ developed the enigmatic assemblage chloritoid–biotite–garnet–chlorite, which are the first reported from India and the eighth in world occurrence. Textural studies and algebraic analyses of the phase compositions in the KFMASH system indicate the operation of the reaction, chloritoid+biotite→garnet+chlorite+H2O and this reaction has a negative slope in pressure–temperature (P–T) space. Quantitative geothermobarometry and pseudosections in the NCMnKFMASHO system indicate that this reaction occurred during prograde metamorphism that culminated at 6.3±1 kbar and 490±40 °C. The stability of the chloritoid+biotite is also sensitive to the MnO content of the bulk rock, and to the chemical potential of H2O and oxygen ( and , respectively), of the ambient fluid phase. Thrusting of continental crust in a collisional setting is invoked to explain the peak metamorphic temperatures and the clockwise P–T trajectory is construed from the petrological study of the chloritoid–biotite schist.
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Palaeoproterozoic of India
The Indian shield represents a vast repository of the Palaeoproterozoic geological record. Built over the four large amalgamated Archaean nuclei (Dharwar, Bastar, Singhbhum and Aravalli–Bundelkhand) the major and minor Palaeoproterozoic sedimentary basins and supracrustal sequences in India are comparable in scale, and perhaps also in development, to those of North America, Africa, Australia and Brazil. The deformation of these supracrustal sequences, attendant metamorphism and emplacement of plutonic bodies hold important clues to their connection with major orogenies. Research in these areas has led to investigations into global correlation, which in turn has had a direct bearing on refining models of Palaeoproterozoic supercontinent assembly and break-up. This book covers various aspects of regional geology as well as broader issues of the Indian Palaeoproterozoic geology and its global context. It is an outcome of the UNESCO-IGCP 509 Palaeoproterozoic Supercontinents and Global Evolution research project.