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Stability of chloritoid + biotite-bearing assemblages in some metapelites from the Palaeoproterozoic Singhbhum Shear Zone, eastern India and their implications

By
Nandini Sengupta
Nandini Sengupta
Department of Geology, University of Calcutta, 35 Ballygunge Circular Road, Kolkata 700019, India (e-mail: nandinisg@yahoo.com)
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Published:
January 01, 2012

Abstract

The arcuate Singhbhum Shear Zone (SSZ) of the East Indian Shield area, fringing the Archaean Singhbhum Craton, exposes a mélange-like ensemble of polymetamorphosed and highly tectonized siliciclastic sediments, mafic–ultramafic extrusive, tourmaline-rich rocks, magnetite–apatite rocks, granites and Cu–Fe–U sulphide ores of Meso- to Palaeoproterozoic age (1.5–1.77 Ga). Metapelites from two localities in the SSZ developed the enigmatic assemblage chloritoid–biotite–garnet–chlorite, which are the first reported from India and the eighth in world occurrence. Textural studies and algebraic analyses of the phase compositions in the KFMASH system indicate the operation of the reaction, chloritoid+biotite→garnet+chlorite+H2O and this reaction has a negative slope in pressure–temperature (PT) space. Quantitative geothermobarometry and pseudosections in the NCMnKFMASHO system indicate that this reaction occurred during prograde metamorphism that culminated at 6.3±1 kbar and 490±40 °C. The stability of the chloritoid+biotite is also sensitive to the MnO content of the bulk rock, and to the chemical potential of H2O and oxygen (forumla and forumla, respectively), of the ambient fluid phase. Thrusting of continental crust in a collisional setting is invoked to explain the peak metamorphic temperatures and the clockwise PT trajectory is construed from the petrological study of the chloritoid–biotite schist.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Palaeoproterozoic of India

R. Mazumder
R. Mazumder
Geological Studies Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
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D. Saha
D. Saha
Geological Studies Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
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Geological Society of London
Volume
365
ISBN electronic:
9781862396135
Publication date:
January 01, 2012

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