Palaeoproterozoic sedimentation on the Singhbhum Craton: global context and comparison with Kaapvaal
R. Mazumder, P. G. Eriksson, S. De, A. J. Bumby, N. Lenhardt, 2012. "Palaeoproterozoic sedimentation on the Singhbhum Craton: global context and comparison with Kaapvaal", Palaeoproterozoic of India, R. Mazumder, D. Saha
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The Singhbhum Craton has a limited Palaeoproterozoic supracrustal record, which suggests a three-part history, comprising: a long period of high freeboard and palaeosol formation on granitoids; subsequent rift-related mafic–ultramafic volcanism and subordinate sedimentation (c. 2.25–2.1 Ga: Dhanjori and Jagannathpur basin-fills; possibly also Simlipal, Malangtoli and Ongarbira basin-fills), which overlapped locally with mafic soil formation; and a major regression at around 2.0 Ga. Following a long hiatus, the approximately 1.6 Ga Dhalbhum–Dalma succession was laid down, probably under continental conditions. This rather truncated record stands in contrast to the chronologically and geographically much more widespread supracrustal basin-fills of the Kaapvaal Craton, and there appears to be an overall poor comparison between these two early Precambrian crustal blocks. However, on Kaapvaal, three analogous events are identified: widespread approximately 2.2 Ga mafic volcanism, followed by a well-developed palaeosol and a major transgression prior to 2.05 Ga. The three shared events between the two cratons are compatible with the postulate of a global, approximate 2.45–2.2 Ga shutdown of magmatic and tectonic geodynamics, with the origin of the triumvirate directly reflecting its resumption again after about 2.2 Ga. We recognize here that a large diversity of views on Singhbhum's geodynamic history exists, predicated on a lack of precise geochronology and commonly poor outcrops, and the current hypotheses are presented with these factors in mind.
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Palaeoproterozoic of India
The Indian shield represents a vast repository of the Palaeoproterozoic geological record. Built over the four large amalgamated Archaean nuclei (Dharwar, Bastar, Singhbhum and Aravalli–Bundelkhand) the major and minor Palaeoproterozoic sedimentary basins and supracrustal sequences in India are comparable in scale, and perhaps also in development, to those of North America, Africa, Australia and Brazil. The deformation of these supracrustal sequences, attendant metamorphism and emplacement of plutonic bodies hold important clues to their connection with major orogenies. Research in these areas has led to investigations into global correlation, which in turn has had a direct bearing on refining models of Palaeoproterozoic supercontinent assembly and break-up. This book covers various aspects of regional geology as well as broader issues of the Indian Palaeoproterozoic geology and its global context. It is an outcome of the UNESCO-IGCP 509 Palaeoproterozoic Supercontinents and Global Evolution research project.