An overview of the Palaeoproterozoic geology of Peninsular India, and key stratigraphic and tectonic issues
Dilip Saha, Rajat Mazumder, 2012. "An overview of the Palaeoproterozoic geology of Peninsular India, and key stratigraphic and tectonic issues", Palaeoproterozoic of India, R. Mazumder, D. Saha
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The Archaean–Proterozoic rock successions in India have the potential to enrich the global database on Precambrian stratigraphic development, and to offer valuable clues to global tectonic reconstructions. Built over four distinct Archaean cratonic nuclei, the major Palaeoproterozoic supracrustal belts/cover sequences include the Dhanjori Group, the Singhbhum Group (including the Dalma volcanics and the Chandil Formation in eastern India), the Cuddapah Supergroup and the adjoining Nellore Schist Belt bordering the eastern Dharwar Craton, the Aravalli Supergroup in the Aravalli–Delhi Fold Belt in NW India, the lower Vindhyan (Semri Group) and the Mahakosal/Sausar/Betul belts close to the Central Indian Tectonic Zone (CITZ), and, possibly, the Dongargarh Supergroup in Bastar. A major erosional unconformity separates the Archaean tonalite–trondjhemite gneiss basement in these cratons from the overlying volcano-sedimentary successions. An overview of Palaeoproterozoic stratigraphic development in these cratonic blocks is presented to bring out the salient features for global comparison and to highlight issues requiring further attention. Multiple metamorphic, magmatic and deformation events are recorded in the fold belts at the join of the cratons or their margins, inviting application of the plate tectonic paradigm. However, a comprehensive tectonic model for the amalgamation of the Indian Archaean nuclei is yet to emerge, and is crucial for our understanding of Palaeoproterozoic supercontinent development.
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Palaeoproterozoic of India
The Indian shield represents a vast repository of the Palaeoproterozoic geological record. Built over the four large amalgamated Archaean nuclei (Dharwar, Bastar, Singhbhum and Aravalli–Bundelkhand) the major and minor Palaeoproterozoic sedimentary basins and supracrustal sequences in India are comparable in scale, and perhaps also in development, to those of North America, Africa, Australia and Brazil. The deformation of these supracrustal sequences, attendant metamorphism and emplacement of plutonic bodies hold important clues to their connection with major orogenies. Research in these areas has led to investigations into global correlation, which in turn has had a direct bearing on refining models of Palaeoproterozoic supercontinent assembly and break-up. This book covers various aspects of regional geology as well as broader issues of the Indian Palaeoproterozoic geology and its global context. It is an outcome of the UNESCO-IGCP 509 Palaeoproterozoic Supercontinents and Global Evolution research project.