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Tension over equitable allocation of water: estimating renewable groundwater resources beneath the West Bank and Israel

By
M. M. Mansour
M. M. Mansour
British Geological Survey, Kingsley Dunham Centre, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG, UK
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D. W. Peach
D. W. Peach
British Geological Survey, Kingsley Dunham Centre, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG, UK
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A. G. Hughes
A. G. Hughes
British Geological Survey, Kingsley Dunham Centre, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG, UK
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N. S. Robins
N. S. Robins
British Geological Survey, Maclean Building, Wallingford, Oxfordshire OX10 8BB, UK
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Published:
January 01, 2012

Abstract

Competition for water resources between Palestine and Israel is an ongoing cause of tension. The Western Aquifer Basin forms a major part of the complex, largely karst, limestone system of the West Bank Mountain Aquifer. The aquifer crops out and is recharged solely in the semi-arid uplands of the West Bank and groundwater flows west beneath Israel to discharge at the Yarqon and Nahal Taninim springs near the Mediterranean coast. Annual recharge to the aquifer is not easy to quantify but lies within the range 270×106 to 455×106 m3 a−1, and current uncertainties do not support definition of a single value of long-term average recharge. The resource is heavily exploited and abstraction is directly controlled and apportioned between Israel and the West Bank by Israel. The key to equitable apportionment is the determination of the long-term average recharge to the basin, which also requires definition of the eastern boundary of the basin to confirm the recharge area. Calculations include empirical formulae and process-based models that are likely to constrain the best estimate provided that there is appropriate, ongoing monitoring. Improved understanding can then be fed back into the model.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Military Aspects of Hydrogeology

E. P. F. Rose
E. P. F. Rose
Royal Holloway, University of London, UK
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J. D. Mather
J. D. Mather
Royal Holloway, University of London, UK
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Geological Society of London
Volume
362
ISBN electronic:
9781862396104
Publication date:
January 01, 2012

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