Skip to Main Content
Book Chapter

Aspects of German military geology and groundwater development in World War II

By
D. Willig
D. Willig
1
Bundeswehr Geoinformation Office, Frauenberger Strasse 250, D-53879 Euskirchen, Germany
Search for other works by this author on:
H. Häusler
H. Häusler
2
Department of Environmental Geosciences, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse14, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
Search for other works by this author on:
Published:
January 01, 2012

Abstract

A uniformed geological organization was re-created within the German Army by the start of World War II and developed to comprise 40 centres or teams by 1943. Many specialist geotechnical maps and reports prepared by these military geologists have survived the war as part of the Heringen Collection; some remains in the USA, but other parts are in Germany, notably within the archives of the Bundeswehr Geoinformation Office. German armed forces made use of about 400 geologists in total during the conflict, mostly in the Army. Many of their tasks involved groundwater studies, some including the preparation of groundwater prospect maps. Temporary water supplies were set up during mobile campaigns by planning efficient use or enhancement of existing civilian resources, supplemented by driving shallow ‘Abyssinian’ tube wells, for example, in Operation Sea Lion, the invasion of SE England planned for September 1940 but ultimately cancelled. Sustainable long-term supplies in militarily occupied territory were achieved by rigorous data collection and programmes of well drilling, spring capture or percolation gallery construction, one example being on the Channel Islands between 1940 and 1945. Geophysics sometimes aided the geological and borehole studies that guided deployment of well-drilling teams, for example, in 1941/1942, to support German and Italian forces operational in North Africa.

You do not currently have access to this article.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Military Aspects of Hydrogeology

E. P. F. Rose
E. P. F. Rose
Royal Holloway, University of London, UK
Search for other works by this author on:
J. D. Mather
J. D. Mather
Royal Holloway, University of London, UK
Search for other works by this author on:
Geological Society of London
Volume
362
ISBN electronic:
9781862396104
Publication date:
January 01, 2012

GeoRef

References

Related

Citing Books via

Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal