Quantitative texture analysis of glaucophanite deformed under eclogite facies conditions (Sesia-Lanzo Zone, Western Alps): Comparison between X-ray and neutron diffraction analysis
M. Zucali, D. Chateigner, M. Dugnani, L. Lutterotti, B. Ouladdiaf, 2002. "Quantitative texture analysis of glaucophanite deformed under eclogite facies conditions (Sesia-Lanzo Zone, Western Alps): Comparison between X-ray and neutron diffraction analysis", Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics: Current Status and Future Perspectives, S. de Meer, M. R. Drury, J. H. P. de Bresser, G. M. Pennock
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X-ray and neutron diffraction techniques have been applied to quantitative texture analysis of a glaucophanite from the Sesia-Lanzo Zone (Western Italian Alps), naturally deformed under eclogite facies conditions. The comparison has been carried out in order to reveal the limits and problems of texture analysis related to strongly deformed polymineralic. Different methods of measuring and computing the orientation distribution function from diffraction data have been tested, in particular X-rays, direct peak integration, and neutron diffraction using Rietveld-texture analysis. Due to grain-size problems and heterogeneity of individual amphibole minerals, neutron radiation is shown to be the best probe for characterizing the whole rock: being more penetrative than conventional X-rays, a larger volume of the mineral aggregate is sampled, giving better statistics. However, results obtained by summing the corresponding individual spectra of at least three X-ray diffraction experiments on parallel slabs of the same specimen also give statistically valid, semiquantitative results that reproduce the overall textures. The quantitative texture analysis shows the strong texture of the two generations of amphiboles (AmpI and AmpII), which are mainly characterized by *-directions at an angle of about 10° to the mineral lineation and by (hk0) planes describing girdles around the lineation. The texture is comparable to those described in the literature for amphibole deformed under different temperature and pressure conditions, and the pronounced asymmetry of the * directions with respect to the mineral lineation is consistent with a non-coaxial component that occurs during the deformation.
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The motion and deformation of rocks are processes of fundamental importance in shaping the Earth, from outer crustal layers to the deep mantle. Reconstructions of the evolution of the Earth therefore require detailed knowledge of the geometry of deformation structures and their relative timing, of the motions leading to deformation structures and of the mechanisms governing these motions. This volume contains a collection of 22 papers on field, experimental and theoretical studies that add to our knowledge of these processes. They are a mixture of review papers oh selected topics in the field of structural geology and tectonics and papers on current issues and new techniques and are grouped into four themes:
The effect of fluids on deformation
The interpretation of microstructures and textures
Deformation mechanisms and rheology of crust and upper mantle minerals
Crust and lithosphere tectonics
The volume will appeal to researchers in the fields of structural geology and tectonophysics, both in academia and industry.