Textures and microstructures of naturally deformed amphibolites from the northern Cascades, NW USA: Methodology and regional aspects
Bernd Leiss, Heike R. Gröger, Klaus Ullemeyer, Hermann Lebit, 2002. "Textures and microstructures of naturally deformed amphibolites from the northern Cascades, NW USA: Methodology and regional aspects", Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics: Current Status and Future Perspectives, S. de Meer, M. R. Drury, J. H. P. de Bresser, G. M. Pennock
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Neutron texture analyses of quartz-bearing and quartz-free amphibolite mylonites from the Windy Pass thrust, Cascades Crystalline Core (Washington/USA) reveal pronounced textures of plagioclase and clino-amphiboles (hornblende, cummingtonite) but no preferred orientation of quartz. A reliable strategy for amphibolite fabric analysis is presented by a systematic analytical approach to the experimental diffraction data processing. Clino-amphiboles show transitional textures between ideal single crystal orientations and axial symmetric great circle distributions. Plagioclase reveals a-axes distributions scattering along a great circle approximating the foliation plane as well as a-axes maxima close to the macroscopic lineation. Correlation of the textures with grain shape anisotropies of horn-blende and plagioclase and comparison with data from the literature suggest that the texture variations are due to different strain regimes rather than due to different crystallographic reorientation mechanisms. The kinematic directions deduced from the microfabric correlate well with the regional tectonic interpretations. In contrast, individual deformation paths are not yet established for the different tectonic units, as the significance of the separating Windy Pass thrust requires further structural analysis and fabric studies.
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Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics: Current Status and Future Perspectives
The motion and deformation of rocks are processes of fundamental importance in shaping the Earth, from outer crustal layers to the deep mantle. Reconstructions of the evolution of the Earth therefore require detailed knowledge of the geometry of deformation structures and their relative timing, of the motions leading to deformation structures and of the mechanisms governing these motions. This volume contains a collection of 22 papers on field, experimental and theoretical studies that add to our knowledge of these processes. They are a mixture of review papers oh selected topics in the field of structural geology and tectonics and papers on current issues and new techniques and are grouped into four themes:
The effect of fluids on deformation
The interpretation of microstructures and textures
Deformation mechanisms and rheology of crust and upper mantle minerals
Crust and lithosphere tectonics
The volume will appeal to researchers in the fields of structural geology and tectonophysics, both in academia and industry.