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The effect of static annealing on microstructures and crystallographic preferred orientations of quartzites experimentally deformed in axial compression and shear

By
Renée Heilbronner
Renée Heilbronner
1
Department of Earth Sciences, Basel University, Bernoullistrasse 32, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland
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Jan Tullis
Jan Tullis
2
Department of Geological Sciences, Brown University, Providence RI 02912, USA
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Published:
January 01, 2002

Abstract

Quartzite samples were experimentally deformed with partial to complete dynamic recrystallization by axial compression (strain magnitude of 0.8 to 1.4) and by general shear (strain magnitude of 1.3 to 2.8) in each of the three dislocation creep regimes, and subsequently annealed with complete static recrystallization at the deformation temperature for 120 hours. The c-axis crystallographic preferred orientation (CPO), 3D grain size distribution, grain boundary surface shape, and misorientation density were measured before and after annealing. The effect of annealing on the CPO was minor, but the microstructure was greatly changed. All of the annealed samples were completely recrystallized. The recrystallized grain size increased by a factor of 2 to 5, and was greatest for samples deformed at lowest temperature. The grain boundary lobateness (PARIS factor) and misorientation density were reduced significantly. The CPOs for all the deformed samples were relatively unchanged by annealing, although the strengths are somewhat decreased; for sheared samples the asymmetry was preserved. The results suggest microstructural criteria for recognizing the occurrence of static annealing and for estimating the dynamically recrystallized grain size relevant for paleopiezometry from annealed samples.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics: Current Status and Future Perspectives

S. de Meer
S. de Meer
Utrecht University, The Netherlands
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M. R. Drury
M. R. Drury
Utrecht University, The Netherlands
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J. H. P. de Bresser
J. H. P. de Bresser
Utrecht University, The Netherlands
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G. M. Pennock
G. M. Pennock
Utrecht University, The Netherlands
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Geological Society of London
Volume
200
ISBN electronic:
9781862396081
Publication date:
January 01, 2002

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