The effect of static annealing on microstructures and crystallographic preferred orientations of quartzites experimentally deformed in axial compression and shear
Renée Heilbronner, Jan Tullis, 2002. "The effect of static annealing on microstructures and crystallographic preferred orientations of quartzites experimentally deformed in axial compression and shear", Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics: Current Status and Future Perspectives, S. de Meer, M. R. Drury, J. H. P. de Bresser, G. M. Pennock
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Quartzite samples were experimentally deformed with partial to complete dynamic recrystallization by axial compression (strain magnitude of 0.8 to 1.4) and by general shear (strain magnitude of 1.3 to 2.8) in each of the three dislocation creep regimes, and subsequently annealed with complete static recrystallization at the deformation temperature for 120 hours. The c-axis crystallographic preferred orientation (CPO), 3D grain size distribution, grain boundary surface shape, and misorientation density were measured before and after annealing. The effect of annealing on the CPO was minor, but the microstructure was greatly changed. All of the annealed samples were completely recrystallized. The recrystallized grain size increased by a factor of 2 to 5, and was greatest for samples deformed at lowest temperature. The grain boundary lobateness (PARIS factor) and misorientation density were reduced significantly. The CPOs for all the deformed samples were relatively unchanged by annealing, although the strengths are somewhat decreased; for sheared samples the asymmetry was preserved. The results suggest microstructural criteria for recognizing the occurrence of static annealing and for estimating the dynamically recrystallized grain size relevant for paleopiezometry from annealed samples.
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The motion and deformation of rocks are processes of fundamental importance in shaping the Earth, from outer crustal layers to the deep mantle. Reconstructions of the evolution of the Earth therefore require detailed knowledge of the geometry of deformation structures and their relative timing, of the motions leading to deformation structures and of the mechanisms governing these motions. This volume contains a collection of 22 papers on field, experimental and theoretical studies that add to our knowledge of these processes. They are a mixture of review papers oh selected topics in the field of structural geology and tectonics and papers on current issues and new techniques and are grouped into four themes:
The effect of fluids on deformation
The interpretation of microstructures and textures
Deformation mechanisms and rheology of crust and upper mantle minerals
Crust and lithosphere tectonics
The volume will appeal to researchers in the fields of structural geology and tectonophysics, both in academia and industry.