Compaction creep of quartz-muscovite mixtures at 500°C: Preliminary results on the influence of muscovite on pressure solution
A. R. Niemeijer, C. J. Spiers, 2002. "Compaction creep of quartz-muscovite mixtures at 500°C: Preliminary results on the influence of muscovite on pressure solution", Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics: Current Status and Future Perspectives, S. de Meer, M. R. Drury, J. H. P. de Bresser, G. M. Pennock
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It is widely claimed that the presence of phyllosilicates in sandstones increases intergranular pressure solution (IPS) rates in these rocks. However, this has not been experimentally confirmed. This study reports the results of isostatic hot-pressing compaction experiments at a temperature of 500°C and an effective pressure of 100 MPa on mixtures of quartz and muscovite. Previous work has shown that under these conditions dissolution is rate controlling in pure quartz. No acceleration of compaction rates of quartz by the addition of muscovite was observed. Instead, a modest decrease in compaction rates was observed (factor 3–10), which we infer was due to a decrease in IPS rate. The effect of muscovite in slowing IPS may be due to the influence of dissolved aluminum (Al3+) dominating over any accelerating effects of alkali-metal cations. From the geochemical literature, Al3+ in solution is expected to decrease the solubility, dissolution rates and precipitation rates of quartz. However, the effect of the addition of muscovite on IPS rates in quartz when controlled by diffusion or precipitation may be different. Experiments should be conducted on quartz sand under conditions where diffusion or precipitation is rate controlling to investigate these possible effects.
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The motion and deformation of rocks are processes of fundamental importance in shaping the Earth, from outer crustal layers to the deep mantle. Reconstructions of the evolution of the Earth therefore require detailed knowledge of the geometry of deformation structures and their relative timing, of the motions leading to deformation structures and of the mechanisms governing these motions. This volume contains a collection of 22 papers on field, experimental and theoretical studies that add to our knowledge of these processes. They are a mixture of review papers oh selected topics in the field of structural geology and tectonics and papers on current issues and new techniques and are grouped into four themes:
The effect of fluids on deformation
The interpretation of microstructures and textures
Deformation mechanisms and rheology of crust and upper mantle minerals
Crust and lithosphere tectonics
The volume will appeal to researchers in the fields of structural geology and tectonophysics, both in academia and industry.