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Current issues and new developments in deformation mechanisms, rheology and tectonics

By
S. de Meer
S. de Meer
1
Vening Meinesz Research School of Geodynamics, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80.021, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
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M. R. Drury
M. R. Drury
1
Vening Meinesz Research School of Geodynamics, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80.021, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
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J. H. P. de Bresser
J. H. P. de Bresser
1
Vening Meinesz Research School of Geodynamics, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80.021, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
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G. M. Pennock
G. M. Pennock
1
Vening Meinesz Research School of Geodynamics, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80.021, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
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Published:
January 01, 2002

Abstract

We present a selective overview of current issues and outstanding problems in the field of deformation mechanisms, rheology and tectonics. A large part of present-day research activities can be grouped into four broad themes. First, the effect of fluids on deformation is the subject of many field and laboratory studies. Fundamental aspects of grain boundary structure and the diffusive properties of fluid-filled grain contacts are currently being investigated, applying modern techniques of light photomicrography, electrical conductivity measurement and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) microanalysis. Second, the interpretation of microstructures and textures is a topic of continuous attention. An improved understanding of the evolution of recrystallization microstructures, boundary misorientations and crystallographic preferred orientations has resulted from the systematic application of new, quantitative analysis and modelling techniques. Third, investigation of the rheology of crust and mantle minerals remains an essential scientific goal. There is a focus on improving the accuracy of flow laws, in order to extrapolate these to nature. Aspects of strain and phase changes are now being taken into account. Fourth, crust and lithosphere tectonics form a subject of research focused on large-scale problems, where the use of analogue models has been particularly successful. However, there still exists a major lack of understanding regarding the microphysical basis of crust- and lithosphere-scale localization of deformation.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics: Current Status and Future Perspectives

S. de Meer
S. de Meer
Utrecht University, The Netherlands
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M. R. Drury
M. R. Drury
Utrecht University, The Netherlands
Search for other works by this author on:
J. H. P. de Bresser
J. H. P. de Bresser
Utrecht University, The Netherlands
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G. M. Pennock
G. M. Pennock
Utrecht University, The Netherlands
Search for other works by this author on:
Geological Society of London
Volume
200
ISBN electronic:
9781862396081
Publication date:
January 01, 2002

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