Morphology, internal architecture and emplacement mechanisms of lava flows from the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) of Argana Basin (Morocco)
Hind El Hachimi, Nasrrddine Youbi, José Madeira, Mohamed Khalil Bensalah, Línia Martins, João Mata, Fida Medina, Hervé Bertrand, Andrea Marzoli, José Munhá, Giuliano Bellieni, Abdelkader Mahmoudi, Mohamed Ben Abbou, Hicham Assafar, 2011. "Morphology, internal architecture and emplacement mechanisms of lava flows from the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) of Argana Basin (Morocco)", The Formation and Evolution of Africa: A Synopsis of 3.8 Ga of Earth History, D. J. J. Van Hinsbergen, S. J. H. Buiter, T. H. Torsvik, C. Gaina, S. J. Webb
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The morphology, internal architecture and emplacement mechanisms of the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) lava flows of Argana Basin in Morocco are presented. The volcanic pile was produced by two volcanic pulses. The first, represented by the Tasguint Formation, corresponds to a succession of 3–13 individual flows created by 1–8 eruptions; the second, Alemzi Formation, is composed of 2–7 individual flows formed by 1–4 eruptions. These formations, geochemically distinct, are separated by thin silty or sandy horizons or by palaeosols. They include ‘compound pahoehoe flows’ and ‘simple flows’. The first type is almost exclusive of the lower formation, while the second type dominates the upper formation. The lava flows show clear evidence of endogenous growth or ‘inflation’. The characteristics of the volcanic pile suggest slow emplacement during sustained eruptive episodes and are compatible with a continental basaltic succession facies model.
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The African continent preserves a long geological record that covers almost 75% of Earth’s history. The Pan-Africanorogeny (c.600–500—Ma) brought together old continental kernels (West Africa, Congo, Kalahari and Tanzania) to form Gondwana and subsequently the supercontinent Pangaea by the late Palaeozoic. The break-up of Pangaea since the Jurassic and Cretaceous, primarily through opening of the Central Atlantic, Indian, and South Atlantic oceans, in combination with the complicated subduction history to the north, gradually shaped the African continent.
This volume contains 18 contributions that discuss the geology of Africa from the Archaean to the present day. It celebrates African geology in two ways: first, it highlights multidisciplinary Earth science research by viewing the formation and evolution of Africa from 18 different angles; second, it celebrates the work of Kevin Burke and Lewis Ashwal and portrays the wide range of interests and research angles that have characterized these two scientists throughout their careers, working in Africa, and studying African geology.