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Book Chapter

Palaeozoic–Mesozoic history of SE Asia

By
Ian Metcalfe
Ian Metcalfe
Earth Sciences, Earth Studies Building C02, School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale NSW 2351, AustraliaNational Key Centre for Geochemical Evolution and Metallogeny of Continents (GEMOC), Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Macquarie University, NSW 2109, Australia
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Published:
January 01, 2011

Abstract

SE Asia comprises a collage of Gondwana-derived continental blocks assembled by the closure of multiple Tethyan and back-arc ocean basins now represented by suture zones. Two major biogeographical boundaries, the Late Palaeozoic Gondwana–Cathaysia divide and the Cenozoic-Recent Australia–Asia divide (Wallace Line) are present. Palaeozoic and Mesozoic evolution involved the rifting and separation of three collages of continental terranes from eastern Gondwana and the opening and closure of three successive ocean basins, the Palaeo-Tethys (Devonian–Triassic), Meso-Tethys (Permian–Cretaceous) and Ceno-Tethys (Late Triassic–Cenozoic). This led to the opening and closing of ocean gateways and provision of shallow-marine and terrestrial land bridges and stepping-stones for biotic migration. The SE Asia core (Sundaland) comprises a western Sibumasu block, an eastern Indochina–East Malaya block, and the Sukhothai Island Arc terrane between. The Jinghong, Nan-Uttaradit and Sra Kaeo sutures represent the Sukhothai closed back-arc basin. The Palaeo-Tethys is represented by the Changning-Menglian, Chiang Mai/Inthanon and Bentong-Raub suture zones. The West Sumatra and West Burma blocks were accreted to the Sundaland core in the Late Permian–Early Triassic. SW Borneo and/or East Java–West Sulawesi are now identified as the missing ‘Argoland’ that separated from NW Australia in the Jurassic and accreted to SE Sundaland in the Cretaceous.

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Contents

Geological Society Special Publications

The SE Asian Gateway: History and Tectonics of the Australia-Asia Collision

R. Hall
R. Hall
Royal Holloway University of London, UK
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M. A. Cottam
M. A. Cottam
Royal Holloway University of London, UK
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M. E. J. Wilson
M. E. J. Wilson
Curtin University, Australia
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Geological Society of London
ISBN electronic:
9781862396036
Publication date:
January 01, 2011

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