Reassessing Hypsithermal human–environment interaction on the Northern Plains
Elizabeth C. Robertson, 2011. "Reassessing Hypsithermal human–environment interaction on the Northern Plains", Human Interactions with the Geosphere: The Geoarchaeological Perspective, L. Wilson
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Palaeoenvironmental records from the Northern Plains of North America attest to an extended period of Middle Holocene warming and drying, making this a useful region and period for research on long-term human response to marked climate change. However, archaeological perspectives on human–environment interaction during this episode have remained preoccupied with a refugial model that incorporates limited latitude for dynamic human adaptation. In part, this situation reflects the challenging geomorphological and typological obstacles faced by those studying this period. However, this paper argues that our failure to develop new perspectives also reflects a longstanding and continued conservatism that casts Northern Plains lifeways as inflexible and unchanging, rather than dynamic and adaptable.