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Reconstruction of the fire history in the Siedlungskammer Burgweinting (Bavaria, Germany) in relation to settlement and environmental history

By
A. Raab
A. Raab
Brandenburg University of Technology, Research Centre Landscape Development and Mining Landscapes, PO Box 101344, Konrad-Wachsmann-Allee 6, D-03013 Cottbus,Germany
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W. Brützke
W. Brützke
Technische Universität München, Wissenschaftszentrum Weihenstephan (WZW), Department of Ecology and Ecosystem Management, Hans-Carl-von-Carlowitz-Platz 2, D-85354 Freising-Weihenstephan,Germany
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D. Christophel
D. Christophel
Technische Universität München, Wissenschaftszentrum Weihenstephan (WZW), Department of Ecology and Ecosystem Management, Hans-Carl-von-Carlowitz-Platz 2, D-85354 Freising-Weihenstephan,Germany
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J. Völkel
J. Völkel
Brandenburg University of Technology, Research Centre Landscape Development and Mining Landscapes, PO Box 101344, Konrad-Wachsmann-Allee 6, D-03013 Cottbus,Germany
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T. Raab
T. Raab
Brandenburg University of Technology, Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Process Engineering, PO Box 101344, Konrad-Wachsmann-Allee 6, D-03013 Cottbus,Germany
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Published:
January 01, 2011

Abstract

Palaeoenvironmental investigations were carried out in the Siedlungskammer (prehistoric settlement area) Burgweinting (Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany) to reveal past settlement conditions and human impact on the environment. Two sequences were obtained from the Islinger Mühlbach Fen, in close proximity to the archaeological excavation site in Burgweinting, which documents an almost continuous settlement history since the Neolithic Period. The analyses of the sequences comprise stratigraphic, geochemical and microscopic charcoal analyses. For chronological information, radiocarbon dating was conducted on a total of 10 samples. Thus, the first long-term fire record was reconstructed for the investigation area, and the results were correlated, based on radiocarbon dating, with the available environmental information and settlement history in the Siedlungskammer Burgweinting. The fire record reveals an almost continuous, but alternating fire history. Furthermore, it shows that fire played an important role in the Siedlungskammer Burgweinting and that most probably as early as the Mesolithic hunterer–gatherers deliberately used fire.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Human Interactions with the Geosphere: The Geoarchaeological Perspective

L. Wilson
L. Wilson
University of New Brunswick in Saint John, Canada
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Geological Society of London
Volume
352
ISBN electronic:
9781862396005
Publication date:
January 01, 2011

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