Thrust tectonics of the Upper Jurassic limestones in the Pavlov Hills (Outer Western Carpathians, Czech Republic)
Ivan Poul, Rostislav Melichar, Jiří Janečka, 2011. "Thrust tectonics of the Upper Jurassic limestones in the Pavlov Hills (Outer Western Carpathians, Czech Republic)", Kinematic Evolution and Structural Styles of Fold-and-Thrust Belts, J. Poblet, R. J. Lisle
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The Pavlov Hills are formed by separated limestone blocks previously identified as klippen. A new flat-ramp-flat thrust model of the Pavlov Hills is formulated in this paper. The main tectonic detachment is located at the base of the limestone plate and other subsidiary detachments are located within the nodular limestone horizon and also at the base and top of the Upper Cretaceous deposits. The ramps are situated in the Klentnice Fm and Ernstbrunn Lst. The ramp angle was determined by structural evidence combined with interpretation of seismic profiles. Two parallel antiformal structures plunging to the NE are recognized within the study area. The antiformal fold axes are gently plunging to the NE so the anticlines are not ideal for 3-point hydrocarbon trap setting. These anticlines were subsequently cut by sinistral strike-slip faults perpendicular to the fold axis which resulted in the formation of a large-scale pseudo en-echelon structure in an approximate north–south direction.
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Fold-and-thrust belts occur worldwide, have formed in all eras of geological time, and are widely recognized as the most common mode in which the crust accommodates shortening. Much current research on the structure of fold-and-thrust belts is focused on structural studies of regions or individual structures and on the geometry and evolution of these regions employing kinematic, mechanical and experimental modelling. In keeping with the main trends of current research, this title is devoted to the kinematic evolution and structural styles of a number of fold-and-thrust belts formed from Palaeozoic to Recent times. The papers included in this book cover a broad range of different topics, from modelling approaches to predict internal deformation of single structures, 3D reconstructions to decipher the structural evolution of groups of structures, palaeomagnetic studies of portions of fold-and-thrust belts, geometrical and kinematical aspects of Coulomb thrust wedges and structural analyses of fold-and-thrust belts to unravel their sequence of deformations.